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NEGATION AND POLAR QUESTIONS IN VIETNAMESE: PRESENT AND PAST

否定和疑問在越南語中的現在和過去

Abstracts


Polar questions in Vietnamese consist of an affirmative sentence followed by a negation particle. Modern Vietnamese has three negation particles, but only two can occur in this function. This note proposes an account for this gap. The account is premised on the analysis of questions as sets of alternatives, and draws on facts of diachronic change gleaned from historical texts.

Parallel abstracts


越南語的極性問句是將一個否定助詞加在肯定句之後而形成的。現代越南語中有三種否定助詞,但卻只有其中兩種可以置於肯定句後使之形成問句。本文為此現象提出了一個分析。此分析是基於將極性問句分析為備選集,並利用從歷史文本中發現的歷時變化事實進行推理。

Parallel keywords

否定 極性問句 越南語

References


Bolinger, Dwight. 1978. Yes-No Questions are not Alternative Questions. In Questions, ed. Henry Hiz, pp.87-105. Dordrecht: Reidel Publishing Company.
Cheng, Lisa, C.-T. James Huang, and C.-C. Jane Tang. 1997. Negative particle questions: A dialectical perspective. Journal of Chinese Linguistics Monograph Series 10:65-112.
Chomsky, Noam. 1986. Barriers. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Chomsky, Noam. 1995. The Minimalist Program. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Duffield, Nigel. 2007. Aspects of Vietnamese clausal structure: separating tense from assertion. Linguistics 45:765-814.

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