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印順學派與慈濟宗門—試論印順思想對慈濟志業開展之可能啟發

Yin Shun School and Tzu Chi Sect-An Investigation of Possible Inspirations the Tzu ChiFoundation Might Gain from the Thought of Yin Shun

Abstracts


印順法師的人間佛教思想近來在華人社會掀起探究的熱潮;於此同時,慈濟功德會數年來的活動和發展,也引起世人的關注。而究竟印順思想對於現今人間佛教團體之發展,例如慈濟志業的開展,能有什麼樣的啟示,成為本文嘗試探討的重點。本文除前言與結語外,主要分四個部份:首先,探討「印順學派」此概念之提出及意義;其次,論究印順學派與慈濟宗門之信念相承與思想分立,認為印順、證嚴兩位師徒間所傳承的心法,即是「為佛教,為眾生」這六個字,而此命題也貫串整個大乘菩薩道的核心,為所有菩薩行者所共同相承的;然而,兩人雖傳承著共同的菩薩道信念,但卻有截然不同的思想風格展現。第三,對於印順法師之思想,對於慈濟志業發展可能的啟示,本文列出五點,分別是:(一)佛教史興衰經驗之正視;(二)全體佛教立場的權衡;(三)「以法為師」的精神;(四)佛教純正知見的強化;(五)佛教義學的重視。最後,希冀印順法師人間佛教的菩薩道思想之承先啟後,使俾益於慈濟宗門未來的發展,而從慈濟宗門看到華人佛教發展的遠景。

Parallel abstracts


While research into Master Yin Shun's philosophy of Humanistic Buddhism has become a very popular endeavor within contemporary Chinese society, the achievements of the Tzu Chi Foundation have likewise attracted broader attention. The main purpose of this paper is to establish how the thought of Master Yin Shun could encourage the growth and the development of Buddhist organizations such as Tzu Chi.Besides the introduction and conclusion, this article is mainly divided into four parts. First, it explores the emergence of the Yin Shun School and its significance. Second, it probes into the ideological continuity but distinct Buddhist approaches between Yin Shun School and Tzu Chi Sect. Master Yin Shun is closely associated with Tzu Chi Sect with his exhortation inspiring the founder Master Cheng Yen- ”for Buddhism and for all living beings.” This proposition is a core concept of Mahayana Buddhism and those on the bodhisattva path must not disregard. In this paper, it also signifies that both Yin Shun School and Tzu Chi Sect are rooted in the same spiritual lineage and abide by the spirit of Mahayana Buddhism on the path of the Bodhisattva, yet each takes a different approach to Buddhism. Third, this paper lists five inspirations the Tzu Chi Foundation might gain from Master Yin Shun's thought with regards to their development: 1. cultivating a comprehensive look at causes behind the rise and fall of Buddhism in history; 2. Attributing greater importance to the study and practice of Buddhism as an integral whole; 3. depending on Dharma for proper guidance; 4. preserving and promoting the authentic Buddhist teachings; 5. attaching importance to Buddhist theology. To conclude, this article expresses the hope that Master Yin Shun's ideal of Humanistic Buddhism' will be instrumental in the further development of the Tzu Chi Sect and thereby better the prospects of Chinese Buddhism.

References


大正藏
大正藏
靜思人文志業有限公司編著,《印順導師傳》(DVD),台北:靜思人文志業有限公司,2003 年。
靜思人文志業有限公司編著,《證嚴法師菩提心要─法譬如水:慧命的導航師》(DVD),台北:靜思人文志業有限公司,2003 年。
Clarke, Peter B.(2006).New religions in global perspective: A study of religious change in the modern world.London:Routledge.

Cited by


Gibson, L. (2014). 逆流而行:聖嚴法師漢傳佛教之主張與其時代背景 [master's thesis, Dharma Drum Institute of Liberal Arts]. Airiti Library. https://doi.org/10.6819/DILA.2014.00001

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