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台灣優秀大學橄欖球前鋒與後衛之一般體能差異比較

The Comparison in Physical Fitness Performances between Elite Taiwan College Rugby Forwards and Back

Abstracts


探討台灣優秀大學橄欖球隊前鋒與後衛的一般體能差異性。方法:大專甲組橄欖球隊共30名球員(前鋒15名、後衛15名),分別進行一分鐘伏地挺身、一分鐘屈膝仰臥起坐、坐姿體前彎、立定跳遠、一百公尺速度與十二分鐘跑檢測。結果:一分鐘伏地挺身方面,前鋒(53.2 ± 18.5次)優於後衛(40.5 ± 8.5次);立定跳遠方面,後衛(242.4 ± 14.9公分)優於前鋒(227.5 ± 20.1公分);一百公尺速度方面,後衛(13.1 ± 0.6 秒)優於前鋒(14.4 ± 1.0秒); 十二分鐘跑方面,後衛(2,525.3 ± 165.0公尺)優於前鋒(2,292.7 ± 231.8公尺);兩組球員在一分鐘屈膝仰臥起坐與坐姿體前彎測驗無顯著差異。結論:前鋒在肌力與肌耐力的表現上優於後衛,體型也比後衛壯碩,而後衛的爆發力、一百公尺速度與心肺耐力則是優於前鋒。

Keywords

速度 肌耐力 爆發力 肌力

Parallel abstracts


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the differences in physical fitness performances between elite rugby forwards and backs in Taiwan. Methods: Thirty college level elite rugby players voluntarily participated in this study (15 forwards and 15 backs). All subjects performed one minute push-up, one minute sit-up, sit-and-reach, 100 meters sprint, standing long jump and 12 minutes run. Results: Forwards showed better performance of push-up than backs (forwards: 53.2 ± 18.5 times vs. backs: 40.5 ± 8.5 times, p < .05). Moreover, backs showed better performances in both standing long jump (forwards: 227.5 ± 20.1 cm vs. backs: 242.4 ± 14.9 cm, p < .05), 100 meters sprint (forwards: 14.4 ± 1.0 sec vs. backs: 13.1 ± 0.6 sec, p < .05), and 12 minutes running (forwards: 2,292.7 ± 231.8 meters vs. backs: 2,525.3 ± 165.0 meters, p < .05). However, there were no significant differences in one minute sit-up and sit-and-reach between forwards and backs. Conclusion: Rugby forward players showed better performance in muscle strength and endurance. However, the backs had greater muscle power, 100 meters sprint performance, and cardiopulmonary capacity than the forwards.

Parallel keywords

speed muscle endurance power strength

References


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Austin, D.,Gabbett, T.,Jenkins, D.(2011).The physical demands of Super 14 rugby union.Science and Medicine in Sport.14(3),259-263.
Baechle, T. R.(Ed.),Earle, R. W.(Ed.)(2008).Essentials of strength training and conditioning.Champaign, IL:Human Kinetics.
Brewer, J.,Davis, J.,Kear, J.(1994).A comparison of the physiological characteristics of rugby league forwards and backs.Journal of Sports Sciences.12(2),158.
Coutts, A. J.,Murphy, A. J.,Dascombe, B. J.(2004).Effect of direct supervision of a strength coach on measures of muscular strength and power in young rugby league players.Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research.18(2),316-323.

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謝鎮偉、葉丁鵬、李柏甫、李昱叡、陳啟中(2020)。漸進式中等強度間歇訓練對心肺耐力、衝刺能力及爆發力之應用:以大專院校公開組男子橄欖球選手為例運動研究29(2),27-38。https://doi.org/10.6167/JSR.202012_29(2).0003
陳奕仁(2017)。六信高中橄欖球隊一般運動能力現況分析〔碩士論文,長榮大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://www.airitilibrary.com/Article/Detail?DocID=U0015-0707201700152500

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