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互動與互惠(1945-2011)二戰後台灣「漢傳佛教」歷史的新局開展及其在地轉型問題

Interaction and Reciprocity (1945-2011): World War II Taiwan, "Chinese Buddhism," History of the Bureau Launched Its New Transformation in the Ground

Abstracts


有關1945年以來迄今的戰後台灣的政教關係,雖依各種宗教在其不同階般的傳播狀況,可有其各自不同的發展風貌。特別是在1949年出現所謂特殊的「雙源匯流」現象之後,我們若要再就其整體發展狀況,探討二戰後台灣佛教領域所出現的各種政教關係,則實可以解嚴(1987年)為界,分其為前、後兩時期來分別說明。並且,在解嚴之前,只有符合政權統治的需要、並經政界收編的宗教,才能有較高的自由度,否則即很容易被判入異端邪說,而遭制裁。本章主要分由:戰後佛門三寃案、政府嚴密管制佛教、佛教界大力支持政府、政府的宗教態度及對佛教控制的策略運用、佛門人士參與反共活動等方面加以論述,藉以探討戰後台灣佛教與政治的關係。

Keywords

政教關係 戒嚴 解嚴 冤獄 管制佛教 收編 反共活動

Parallel abstracts


Since 1945 to date on the post-war church-state relations in Taiwan, although according to various religions, in its different stages of the media in general, may have their own different style of development. In particular, in 1949 the so-called special ”dual-source convergence” phenomenon, we further their overall development to the situation, the field of Buddhism in Taiwan after World War II appeared in a variety of church-state relations, it can really martial law (1987) for the sector Divided the former, the latter two periods to the respective instructions. And, before the lifting of martial law, and only meet the needs of the regime, and incorporated by the political religion, in order to have a high degree of freedom, otherwise it is easy sentenced to heresy, who were sanctioned.This chapter is divided by the: World War Three Buddhist grievances, the government closely controlled Buddhism, Buddhism strongly support the Government, the Government's attitude to religion and the control strategies used in Buddhism, Buddhist, etc. to take part in anti-Communist activities to be addressed in order to explore Buddhism in Taiwan after the war And political relations.

References


江燦騰(2009)。二十世紀台灣佛教文化史研究。北京:宗教文化出版社。
永文(2001)。論國家與宗教自由。思與言。39(3),160-161。
薛月順編註、曾品滄編註、許瑞浩編註(2000)。從戒嚴到解嚴。台北:國史館。
江燦騰(1997)。台灣佛教百年史之研究。台北:南天書局。
律航()。

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