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鐵路運輸標誌符號的認識度與辨識率之探討-以北中南鐵路運輸爲例

A Study of Recognition and Identification of Rail Transportation Signs in Southern, Central and Northern Taiwan

Abstracts


鐵路運輸標誌符號,是以一定的圖形符號或簡明文字,裝置於適當地點,傳達訊息給旅客注意,用來指示旅客前往該目的地,促使遊客方便、快速與安全。鐵路運輸標誌符號所傳達的視覺訊息,必須要正確、快速,要能集中旅客的注意力,並且具備簡單、明瞭清晰的意義。 本文提出一個鐵路運輸標誌符號調查,一開始的標誌擷取,是收集鐵路標誌符號,透過問卷調查整理分析,並利用混淆式矩陣來歸納出辨識度較差的標誌:經調查發現,有2個標誌未達ISO建設值67%之標凖,分別爲電梯(圖示略)64.8%、售票處(圖示略)63.2%。本研究針對此兩標誌進行改善,並透過假設檢定、變異數分析,證明辨識率有顯著的提升,期日後可供有關單位設置考量。此外,北中南鐵路運輸站內標誌符號之表達,經調查後發現有各地區標示不一的情形,本小組建議,可讓整個標誌系統採取統一的標準,方能達到標誌最佳的視認效果。

Parallel abstracts


Rail transportation signs present some specific figure or simple words that are located at the proper place. They are used for instructing passengers concerning destination, convenience and safety. The transmition of the visual information of the rail transportation sign must not only he correct, but it should he also he able to attract passengers' concentration. And, it needs to have simple and easy-to-understand meaning. The purpose of this study is to propose an investigation into rail transportation signs. The study wishes to collect rail symbol signs from southern, central and northern areas, then analyze them by way of questionnaire-making use of a confusion matrix to conclude the signs with poorer discrimination. There are two signs not reaching a mandatory 67% level which have been proposed by the ISO. One is the elevator (The picture is abbreviated) at 64.8%, and another one is the ticket office (The picture is abbreviated) at 63.2%. This research is focused upon the improvement of these two signs, using an hypothesis test and analysis of variance to prove that correct recognition has been enhanced obviously. And, it is hoped that correct recognition can provide an example for guidance to the sponsoring organization. In addition, the study wishes to bring consistency to the symbol signs inside the railway stations of southern, central and northern areas of Taiwan-which appeared to be inconsistent, in each area, after investigation .So we suggest that, the signs should follow a standard system, in order that the symbols will lead to the best affect upon recognition.

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