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聖嚴法師的禪法體認及其對大慧宗杲「話頭禪」與宏智正覺「默照禪」的運用

The Understanding of Venerable Master Sheng-Yen's Chan Practices and His Usage of Dahui Zonggao's Hua-tou Meditation and Hongzhi Zhengjue's Silent Illumination Meditation

Abstracts


臺灣法鼓山聖嚴法師同時傳承臨濟、曹洞二法脈,他以此二法作為個人修行法要,亦以此二法接引信眾。他於1976年應邀赴美,開始指導禪修,並將個人的體悟透過層次化的說明來指導禪修者。法師一再強調建立禪修的方法次第,能有效指導禪修者,對於現代信眾而言,有無比助益。本文擬藉由聖嚴法師傳承臨濟、曹洞二法脈,檢視他如何運用大慧宗杲的「話頭禪」與宏智正覺的「默照禪」,並且闡述他調和二者,進而建構出自己的禪修體系,此進程在當代深具禪學的發展意義,頗值研議。

Parallel abstracts


Venerable Master Sheng-Yen in Dharma Drum Mountain inherits Linji and Caodong dharma transmissions simultaneously, and use hua-tou meditation and silent illumination meditation as personal chan practices and guidance to the disciples. He was invited to the United States in 1976 and started to teach chan practice. He used gradation method to instruct practitioners to reach personal enlightenment. Master emphasized the establishment of chan practice sequence can effectively teach practitioners, and can greatly benefit the modern disciples. This paper mainly examines how Master Sheng-Yen used Dahui Zonggao's hua-tou meditation and Hongzhi Zhengjue's silent illumination meditation, and expounds the integration of both to construct his own meditation system. This process has very import meaning to the chan teaching in the contemporary era, and is of high value to study.

References


大正新修大藏經刊行會編(1988)。大正藏。東京:大藏出版株式會社。
大正新修大藏經刊行會編(1988)。大正藏。東京:大藏出版株式會社。
(1975)。續藏經。東京:株式會社國書刊行會。
大正新修大藏經刊行會編(1988)。大正藏。東京:大藏出版株式會社。
(1975)。續藏經。東京:株式會社國書刊行會。

Cited by


莊雅旭(2016)。默照禪於佛教平等觀之融會與開展〔碩士論文,法鼓文理學院〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://www.airitilibrary.com/Article/Detail?DocID=U0119-1307201615284400

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