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跨國華人社會的脈動-近代潮州人的僑批局網絡探析(1911-1949)

The Arteries of Chinese Transnational Communities: A Study of the Teochew (Chaozhou) Remittance House Networks, 1911-1949

Abstracts


本文把近代東南亞華人社會與僑鄉社會視為一有機聯繫的跨國華人社會,並嘗試探討連接東南亞與華南兩地華人社會間的跨國橋樑如何建立。民國時期,潮州人僑匯和僑信的流通大部份通過僑批局網絡進行,僑匯和音訊來往無疑是跨國華人社會得以建立和維繫的命脈所在,因此,僑批局網絡的研究對剖析東南亞—華南華人社會跨國聯繫具有重要意義。立足於與檔案文獻和田野考察,本文揭示了在近代東南亞華人社會與潮汕僑鄉社會間廣泛存在的僑批局網絡,是由多個層次的地域網絡相互嵌合的體系,由於其經營結構與華人社會的社會經濟結構具有一致性,該網絡深入東南亞與華南兩地華人社會。通過家族網絡、合股關係和鄉族商業網絡等方式的有機結合,分佈於東南亞與潮汕地區的不同批局得以建立起相對穩定的聯網合作關係,從而構建了可以連接和滲透東南亞華人社會與華南僑鄉社會體內的社會經濟脈絡。

Parallel abstracts


Guided by recent theoretical formulations of transnationalism, this paper considers the societies comprised by overseas Chinese in Southeast Asia and their hometowns in South China during the Republican era as an organic whole embodying multiple interactions. Chinese remittance house networks were the primary arteries connecting communities. By studying the formation and characteristics of the remittance house networks in the Teochew (Chaozhou) community, this paper explores the mechanisms of interaction among the Chinese transnational communities scattered in Southeast Asia and South China. Based upon a wide range of primary data as well as field research in South China and Southeast Asia, this paper first provides a survey of the remittance house networks that were embedded in the Chinese socio-economic structure. Then, by investigating the connections of various remittance houses across the South China Sea, I argue that the transnational remittance house networks were linked by multiple levels of sub-networks. Finally, I analyze how family networks, partnership and geo-consanguineous connections were incorporated into the formation and operation of the transnational remittance house networks. It is hoped that this paper will contribute to the understanding of the inner workings of overseas Chinese business networks and the complex ties between Sontheast Asian Chinese and their hometowns.

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