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由漢語「爽」字觀察「不爽」之語義演變-基於語料庫

Observing the semantic evolution of "Bushuang (不爽)" from the Chinese character "Shuang (爽)" - A Corpus-based

Abstracts


古代漢語詞語延用至現代漢語,其語義可能隨著歷史朝代更迭而有所演變。語言文字歷經千年的變化過程中出現異體、結構改變,或被轉意、借聲挪作他用,其本義從原始字形已很難推求,可能因語言文字背後的歷史背景環境,及使用情況逐漸演變所造成,導致古代與現代語義的差異。本文以古今語料庫語料為材料,由漢語「爽」觀察否定詞「不爽」之語義演變,「爽」字的使用早已出現在甲骨金文,及《詩經》、《左傳》等古籍之中,後經演變,語義漸漸由本義延伸、或假借同音替代,出現了其他不同的意義,至今「不爽」已演變成一個詞,並使用於現代漢語的口語形式。本研究藉古今漢語語料庫和辭典,考釋漢語「爽」的本義,分析其引申義和假借義,及觀察中國和台灣地區的口語使用現況及詞義差異,探究漢語「不爽」之語義演變。

Keywords

本義 引伸義 假借義 語料庫 語義演變

Parallel abstracts


The ancient Chinese terms are used continuously till modern times. For thousands of years , language has undergone structural changes , or has transferred into different meanings and sounds. Its original meaning is difficult to deduct, resulting in ancient and modern semantic differences. The key point is the background behind language context and development. This paper is based on corpus to observe and explore the semantic development of Chinese "busguang(不爽)" from Chinese "sguang(爽)".The usage of "sguang(爽)" was shown in the ancient books such as Oracle Bronze Inscription、"Shi Jing" and "Zuo Zhuan". After the language change, the meaning of this term has gradually taken on extended meanings or borrowed meanings. Nowadays "bushuang(不爽)" has developed into a phrase, and is used as an oral form in modern Chinese. This paper is based on corpus and dictionary to prove and explain the original meaning of Chinese "sguang(爽)", analysis the extended meanings and the borrowed meanings of this term, and observe the current situation of oral usage and Semantic differences between China and Taiwan for exploring the semantic development of Chinese "busguang(不爽)".

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