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氣候變遷對糧食安全在吉里巴斯影響與其他國家及區域之比較

A Comparison of Impacts on Food Security among Countries and Regions due to Climate Change – with Reference to Kiribati

Advisor : 雷立芬

Abstracts


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Keywords

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Parallel abstracts


This study investigates the impacts of climate change on food security in a small island nation Kiribati. It uses panel data econometric approaches to model the relationships between selected factors of climate change and selected indicators of food security for the period 1961 to 2000. 42 other countries are also covered in this study for comparison purposes. The key objectives of this study are to find the effects of climate factors – temperature and precipitation – on selected food security indicators, their impacts in Kiribati and compared to other countries, and how climate change affects food security in different parts or regions of the worlds. Findings from this study confirm the results of previous studies that climate change is influencing food security. Using the selected indicators of food security, this study shows that factors of climate change have negative impacts on food security. But the most imperative and unique feature of this study is that, even though it only investigates the impacts of climate change on food security, its findings provide new empirical evidences that Kiribati is one of the most affected countries in the world by climate change. In addition, the study also finds that the Pacific region is one of the severely affected regions.

References


USP, SPREP, SPC and FAO. “Climate change and food security in the Pacific”. Suva, Fiji.
Mitchell, T.D., Carter, T.R., Jones, P.D., Hulme,M., New, M., 2003: A comprehensive set of high-resolution grids of monthly climate for Europe and the globe: the observed record (1901-2000) and 16 scenarios (2001-2100). Journal of Climate: submitted.
Anttila-Hughes, J. K. and S. M. Hsiang. 2013. “Destruction, Disinvestment, and Death: Economic and Human Losses Following Environmental Disaster”. University of California, NBER
Ayers, J. 2010. Understanding the Adaptation Paradox: Can Global Climate Change Adaptation Policy be Locally Inclusive? PhD diss., London School of Economics and Political Science.
Baririos, S., L. Bertinelli and E. Strobl. 2010. “Trends in Rainfall and Economic Growth in Africa: A neglected cause of the African tragedy.” The President and Fellows of Harvard College and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 92(2), p.350-366

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