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中美洲地區農業扶貧成長與糧食安全之分析

Pro-poor Agricultural Growth and Food Security in Central America

Advisor : 張靜貞

Parallel abstracts


The reduction of poverty and increased food security are two main objectives of the agricultural growth process. But growth in Central America has not been pro-poor, and a large share of the rural population lives in conditions of poverty and food insecurity. These problems are related to the prevalence of inequalities between the agricultural sector and the rest of the economy. These inequalities have been growing in Central America, as the process of structural transformation unfolds. The particularities of this process in Central America are highlighted and the effect of these growing inequalities on poverty and food insecurity is review. Conclusions are drawn on the need for further research to focus on intra-sectoral inequalities in the case of Central America, because of the presence of a dual agricultural sector, where a small farmer’s sub-sector coexists with a large exporting agricultural sub-sector.

Parallel keywords

Pro-poor growth inequalities structural transformation

References


- Fan, S., C. Chan-Kang, and A. Mukherjee, 2005. Rural and Urban dynamics and poverty: Evidence from China and India. Draft Paper, IFPRI, Washington, D.C.
- Adelman, I., 1984. “Beyond Export-Led Growth.” World Development, Vol. 12, pp. 973 -986
- Bairoch, P., 1975. The Economic Development of the Third World Since 1900. Berkeley: University of California Press
- Berry, A. and W.R. Cline, 1979. Agrarian Structure and Productivity in Developing Countries. International Labour Organization, Geneva.
- Bourguignon, F. and C. Morrison, 1990. “Income Distribution, Development and Foreign Trade: A Cross-sectional Analysis.” European Economic Review, Vol. 34, pp. 1113-1132.

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