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由「人妖曾秋皇事件」暨相關新聞看媒體報導之跨性別建構論述產製

Analyzing Media Representation in Transgender Construction Discourse: Insights from the "Renyao Zeng Qiuhuang" Case and Related News

Abstracts


國府播遷來臺後,媒體的跨性別建構論述產製,主要源自於兩大事件:一為「謝尖順事件」,另一件即為「人妖曾秋皇事件」。前者形塑了社會對於「變性」後成為正常/正統性別身體的鼓勵與讚許,後者則象徵了整體社會文化對於「異常身體」的規訓與懲戒。本文以1950年代的「人妖曾秋皇事件」媒體報導為研究對象,採取女性主義視角與媒體識讀的思考框架,對相關新聞進行分析與批判,並指出媒體報導背後的性別意識型態與其跨性別建構論述樣貌。同時,本文希望能藉由對於「人妖曾秋皇事件」的探討,讓日趨傳媒化的今日,能對於媒體所提供的「建構性真實」保持批判反思、覺察相關訊息背後所隱藏的強迫性別常規價值觀,據以形塑性別識讀能力。

Parallel abstracts


In Taiwan during the 1950s, the media's discourse on transgender construction primarily stems from two significant events: the "Xie Jianshun Case" and the "Renyao Zeng Qiuhuang Case." The former event shaped societal encouragement and approval for "sex reassignment" to what is considered a "normal" or "conventional" body. The latter, on the other hand, symbolizes the social discipline and punishment of "abnormal bodies." This article focuses on media reports of the "Renyao Zeng Qiuhuang Case" from the 1950s, employing a feminist perspective and a media literacy framework to critically analyze the relevant news reports. It examines the related news and highlights the gender ideologies and transgender construction discourse embedded within media reporting. Additionally, this article strives to encourage critical reflection on the "constructed reality" presented by the media in today's increasingly mediated world. It emphasizes the importance of recognizing the underlying compulsory gender norms and values concealed within the information, and use this as a foundation to shape the ability of gender literacy for everybody.

References


姜學豪(2021)。性別越界在 1950 年代的華語語系臺灣:歷史案例與後殖民論述。臺灣文學研究集刊。25:85-116。https://doi.org/10.3966/181856492021020025004
Santoniccolo, F., Trombetta, T., Paradiso, M. N., & Rollè, L. (2023). Gender and media representations: A review of the literature on gender stereotypes, objectification and sexualization. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 20(10), 1-15. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20105770
Ward, L. M., & Grower, P. (2020). Media and the development of gender role stereotypes. Annual Review of Developmental Psychology, 2(1), 177-199.https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-devpsych-051120-010630
「人妖」打扮 「拉客」被捕(1987,8 月 21 日)。聯合報,7 版。
人妖秀悄悄登陸(1990 年 1 月 22 日)。聯合報,32 版。

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