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成年初顯期的自我認同狀態、自我定義記憶之解釋歷程與心理幸福感之關係探討

Identity Status, Self-Defining Memory and Psychological Well-Being in Emerging Adulthood

Abstracts


本研究目的在探討成年初顯期年輕人的自我認同狀態與心理幸福感之間的關係,同時結合自我定義記憶的內容分析方法,進一步探討年輕人轉折時刻自我定義記憶之解釋歷程與其自我認同狀態、心理幸福感之間的關係。本研究之研究對象為114位成年初顯期階段年輕人(男性14位,女性100位),平均年齡為20.6歲。研究工具包含「自我認同狀態量表」、「心理幸福感量表」和「自我定義記憶問卷」,其中「自我定義記憶問卷」之解釋歷程分析向度包含「意義化歷程」與「污染化歷程」兩部份。研究結果發現:(1)認同達成狀態與整體心理幸福感有正相關、認同混淆狀態與整體心理幸福感有負相關、認同尋求狀態與整體心理幸福感有負相關、認同早閉狀態與整體心理幸福感有負相關;(2)認同達成狀態與「污染化歷程」有負相關、與「意義化歷程」有正相關,認同混淆狀態與「污染化歷程」有正相關;(3)「污染化歷程」與整體心理幸福感有負相關、「意義化歷程」與整體心理幸福感有正相關;(4)「污染化歷程」對認同混淆狀態與心理幸福感有間接效果。

Parallel abstracts


The purpose of the study was to examine the relationships among emerging adults' identity statuses, self-defining memories and psychological well-being. The Extended Objective Measure of Ego Identity Status, the Self-Defining Memory Questionnaire, and the Scale of Psychological Well-Being were administered to 114 emerging adult (14 males and 100 females). The Self-Defining Memory Questionnaire was used to collect the narrative on turning points. Adopting McAdams (1998; 1999)'s approach, we coded the narrative content into redemption sequences and contamination sequences to assess the emerging adults' interpretations of past events. The 4 major findings were as follows: (1) Identity achievement status positively correlated with all 6 subscales and the composite measure of psychological well-being. Identity diffusion status negatively correlated with all 6 subscales and the composite measure of psychological well-being. Identity moratorium status negatively correlated with 4 of the 6 subscales (autonomy, environmental mastery, purpose of life, and self-acceptance) as well as the composite measure of psychological well-being. Identity foreclosure status negatively correlated with the subscale of purpose of life as well as the composite measure of psychological well-being. (2) Identity achievement status positively correlated with the redemption sequences of turning-point narratives and negatively correlated with the contamination sequences. Identity diffusion status positively correlated with the contamination sequences of turning-point narratives. (3) The redemption sequences of the turning-point narratives positively correlated with all 6 subscales and the composite measure of psychological well-being. The contamination sequences of the turning-point narratives negatively correlated with 5 of the 6 subscales (autonomy, purpose of life, positive relationship with others, purpose of life, and self-acceptance) as well as the composite measure of psychological well-being. (4) The contamination sequences of turning-point narratives had an indirect effect on the relationship between the diffusion status and the psychological well-being. The redemption sequences of the turning-point narratives showed no indirect effect on the relationship between achievement status and psychological well-being. Limitations of the present study and possible implications for future research are discussed.

References


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古偉廷(2014)。探討台灣人民的國民幸福感之關係研究〔碩士論文,淡江大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://doi.org/10.6846/TKU.2014.00034
劉益伶(2014)。臨床心理學碩士生的專業認同及主觀幸福感初探〔碩士論文,中山醫學大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://doi.org/10.6834/CSMU.2014.00191
謝秀芳(2013)。從十二年國教認知情形論述國中生學習幸福感〔碩士論文,國立屏東科技大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://doi.org/10.6346/NPUST.2013.00273
周士茹(2018)。成人繪本對成年初期族群之情緒療癒效用研究-以幾米繪本為例〔碩士論文,國立臺灣大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://doi.org/10.6342/NTU201800512
王詮富(2016)。異鄉遊人-記憶這城市夜的明滅〔碩士論文,國立臺北藝術大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://www.airitilibrary.com/Article/Detail?DocID=U0014-1406201614452200

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