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觀景察變:台灣日治時期日記的旅行敘事

Viewing Landscapes to Observe Change: Travel Narratives in Diaries during the Japanese Colonial Period in Taiwan

Abstracts


台灣日治時期日記的內容,不僅具記錄代表性的歷史事件、留存時代記憶等史料價值;同時蘊含書寫豐盈的台灣地景,以及個人旅行感受等文學面向。如此私密的珍貴文化資產,作者如何書寫旅行過程?這些書寫又具有記錄哪些時代轉換痕跡的功能?1927年《臺灣日日新報》曾舉辦「臺灣八景票選」活動,委員會最後公布鵝鑾鼻、阿里山、日月潭、太魯閣、淡水港、壽山、基隆旭丘山、八仙山,名列八景;新高山及台灣神社則列為別格。本文擇選時代相近的日記,且作者常記錄至台灣各地旅遊的經驗,以張麗俊《水竹居主人日記》、田健治郎《台灣總督田健治郎日記》、林獻堂《灌園先生日記》作為研究素材。探討日記中所載台灣八景及二別格,分析旅行過程的敘事,以及地景所蘊含的時代轉換痕跡;藉以發掘文本與文化的關聯,並詮釋作者的空間心境或地方感的學術意義。

Keywords

八景 二別格 張麗俊 田健治郎 林獻堂

Parallel abstracts


Diaries written during the Japanese Colonial Period in Taiwan not only possess historical values of recording important historical events and keeping the memories of times, but also hold literary values with the illustration of Taiwan's landscapes as well as the authors' personal feelings about their traveling. So how did the writers illustrate their trips in such private works? How do these writings preserve the trace of the changes of times in Taiwan? In 1927, the Taiwan Nichinichi Shimpo reported the Eight Views of Taiwan as: Cape Eluanbi, Mountain Ali, Sun Moon Lake, Taroko, Tamsui, Ape Hill, Keelung Rising Sun Hill, and Eight Immortals Mountain. In addition, New High Hill and Taiwan Shrine were claimed to be the Two Special Views of Taiwan. This paper uses three diaries that are written in similar times and contain experiences of traveling around Taiwan as research materials. The three diaries are "The Diary of Chang Li-Jun," "The Diary of Taiwan Governor-general Den Kenjiro," and "The Diary of Mr. Guan Yuan(Lin Xian-tang)." This paper studies the images of the Eight Views and Two Special Views of Taiwan portrayed in the diaries, analyzes the narratives about traveling and the trace of changes implied in the illustrated landscapes; it aims to explore the connection between texts and culture, interpreting the academic meaning of the authors' spatial mind or sense of place.

References


田健治郎、吳文星編、廣瀨順皓編、黃紹恆編、鍾淑敏編、邱純惠編、鍾淑敏執編(2001)。台灣總督田健治郎日記。台北:中央研究院臺灣史研究所籌備處。
田健治郎、吳文星編、廣瀨順皓編、黃紹恆編、鍾淑敏編、邱純惠編、鍾淑敏執編(2006)。台灣總督田健治郎日記。台北:中央研究院臺灣史研究所。
田健治郎、吳文星編、廣瀨順皓編、黃紹恆編、鍾淑敏編、邱純惠編、鍾淑敏執編(2009)。台灣總督田健治郎日記。台北:中央研究院臺灣史研究所。
台灣總督府殖產局,《領臺二十年臺灣林業ノ沿革竝成績概要》(台北:台南新報社台北支局,1916 年)。
林獻堂、許雪姬編、何義麟編(2001)。灌園先生日記。台北:中央研究院臺灣史研究所籌備處。

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