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籃框外的天空-女性運動員之升學與就業個案研究

Off the Basketball Court: A Case Study of Female Athletes' Experience of School Admission and Career Development

Abstracts


過去運動員生涯研究多將其就業困境歸咎於學習情況不佳,主張以學業進修與生涯輔導提升其就業競爭力,然而性別之於生涯就業的影響卻鮮少受到重視。據此,本研究藉國內女性籃球員個案探索女性運動員之升學與就業處境,進而對其專業領域的生涯發展空間進行研討。研究結果指出受訪者的生涯想像從「甲組球員」與「國手」轉換到「體育老師」,而受訪者之就業經驗顯示專業領域之發展侷限。前述受訪者升學與就業經驗不僅與個人家庭處境、建教合作關係、以及教育政策息息相關,其職業選擇更深受過去運動經驗之影響。研究發現受訪者之升學就業決策展演結構限制下之個體能動。針對研究發現,研究結論處提出教育經驗改善與未來研究之建議。

Keywords

女性運動員 升學 能動性 就業

Parallel abstracts


Past research has shown that athletes' career dilemmas may be caused by their academic problems and insufficient support from teachers, advisors or school administrators. Gender, however, though it obviously plays an important role in many aspects of life, has seldom been recognized as a critical factor influencing female athletes' career development. This research project set out to explore the female athletes' experience of school admission and career choices, more specifically to their career opportunities in specialized field. To this end, in-depth interviews of eight elite female athletes were conducted. The results indicated that the career dream of informants in general tended to ”shift down” from ”league players” and ”players on a national level” to ”physical education teachers,” while those who could not succeed in becoming physical education teachers adapted to other jobs, including positions as part-time coaches, editors, cosmetologists, sales clerks, service representatives, and various part-time jobs based on the individual situation. It was found that female athletes' career development was framed by the material conditions of their daily lives, the existing educational policies, and the nature of the contracts between and among the athlete, the school, and enterprises sponsoring school varsity teams. In addition, although female athletes' career choices in specialized field were limited, informants working out their own career paths performed personal agency in relation to social structure. Suggestions for enhancing the educational experiences of today's female athletes were also offered by the researchers.

Parallel keywords

female athlete admission agency career

References


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Cited by


潘郡瑤(2017)。「為什麼我要留長髮?」:台灣HBL甲組女籃球員的身體經驗與性別認同〔碩士論文,國立臺灣大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://doi.org/10.6342/NTU201703502
陳怡帆、程瑞福(2013)。以生態系統觀點析論高中體育班學生學習與升學進路體育學報46(4),443-457。https://doi.org/10.6222/pej.4604.201312.1311
鍾怡純(2008)。新移民女性參與休閒性身體活動之研究〔博士論文,國立臺灣師範大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://www.airitilibrary.com/Article/Detail?DocID=U0021-0804200910190411
林佳蟬(2011)。探討優秀拳擊選手運動生涯發展的歷程〔碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://www.airitilibrary.com/Article/Detail?DocID=U0021-1610201315244531
Fan, F. C. (2012). 性別平等體育課程之行動研究 [master's thesis, National Taiwan Normal University]. Airiti Library. https://www.airitilibrary.com/Article/Detail?DocID=U0021-1610201315311428

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