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在團體中探索青少年的親密世界

Exploring the Intimate World of Adolescents in Group Counseling

Abstracts


過去台灣有關青少年性方面的論述,多著重在調查他們的性知識與性態度,強調青少年性問題的氾濫,藉以凸顯性教育的必要性;其中卻沒有青少年自己的聲音,也沒有討論與性息息相關的戀愛關係,因此研究者企圖藉由半結構團體諮商探索青少年的愛情世界,以作為日後設計此類團體諮商方案的依據。研究者在國中帶領國二學生的小團體諮商,參與者為對交往男女朋友感到好奇或實際交往過,自願參與之學生(男生五名女生六名),依性別分開進行各十小時的半結構小團體諮商。團體結束後研究者將團體過程之相關錄音、記錄、作品進行現象學的分析。研究發現青少年不分男女對於戀愛關係的建立與維持均感到好奇與困惑;青少年缺乏自己的語言描述自己對性的感受,青少女對愛情嚮往,在愛情關係中卻又常感委屈;團體是提供成員彼此對話、整合各種來源的兩性資訊,形成自有態度的空間。研究者並建議爾後在執行上可將此等方案調整為五到六次,每次進行兩小時的團體,以提升探討的層次並能配合學校行政上的運作;最後並針對研究結果提出其他相關建議。

Keywords

性教育 青少年 團體諮商 親密 關係 戀愛關係

Parallel abstracts


In the past, research documents related to adolescent sexual behaviors emphasized knowledge of sex and attitude towards sex. The overflowing of adolescent sexual behavior problems were focused to point out the importance of sex education; however, the inner voices of adolescents were usually neglected in most sex education programs and there's no discussion of romantic relationships. This study intended to explore the intimate world of adolescent romantic relationships by leading a semi-structured counseling group in hope of producing a design as the foundation for future references. The participants were eleven fourteen-year-olds who claimed to be interested in romantic relationships or who have been in one. The volunteered participants were divided into two groups; one group of five boys and another group of six girls. Each group had ten hours of semi-structural group counseling. Phenomenological research method was used to analyze all data collected from tapes, observation notes and field notes. The results of this research indicated that when facing romantic relationships, both male and female adolescents not only feel confused about issues regarding sexual behaviors, but also lack the skills to establish and maintain good relationships with their romantic partners. It was found that the semi-structural groups employed here were helpful in assisting group participants to integrate their attitudes about romantic relationships. Based on the research results, a revised five to six sessions of two-hour group counseling model was proposed by the researchers to further assist and accommodate sex education in school.

References


高淑貞、黃以文(2004)。從網路性提問分析青少年性教育需求-他們究竟想知道什麼?。中華輔導學報。16,1-34。
游美惠(2002)。身體、性別與性教育。女學學誌:婦女與性別研究。14,81-118。
Baumen, L. J.,Berman, R.(2005).Adolescent relationships and condom use: Trust, love and commitment.AIDS and Behavior.9,211-222.
Bouchey, H. A.,Fruman, W.|G. R. Adams (Eds.),M. Berzonsky (Eds.)(2003).The Blackwell handbook of adolescence.Oxford, UK:Blackwell.
Brown, B. B. (Eds.),Feiring, C. (Eds.),Furman, W. (Eds.)(1999).The development of romantic relationships in adolescence.NY:Cambridge University Press.

Cited by


沈怡欣(2008)。國中生初次異性交往之相關因素〔碩士論文,國立臺灣大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://doi.org/10.6342/NTU.2008.00106
翟宗悌(2009)。國中青少女戀愛關係團體諮商方案之成效研究〔博士論文,國立臺灣師範大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://www.airitilibrary.com/Article/Detail?DocID=U0021-1610201315150487
簡麗娟(2009)。台北市高中職學生接觸色情媒體經驗與性態度取向之研究〔碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://www.airitilibrary.com/Article/Detail?DocID=U0021-1610201315173524
顏君瑜(2009)。以生活技能為基礎之國中生兩性交往教學介入成效初探〔碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://www.airitilibrary.com/Article/Detail?DocID=U0021-1610201315174726
曹宜蓁(2010)。青少年伴侶經歷未成年生育事件歷程之研究〔碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://www.airitilibrary.com/Article/Detail?DocID=U0021-1610201315193487

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