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化繁為簡-羽球男單比賽的技術型態比較

Performance Analyses of Badminton Man's Singles between Lin Dan and Lee Zhong Wei

Abstracts


背景:在羽球比賽中,男單的冠軍戰是最引人關注的。中國羽球選手林丹和馬來西亞羽球選手李宗偉無疑是呼聲最高的兩位候選人,他們倆之間的交鋒為球迷最期待的巔峰對決。目的:在林丹和李宗偉對戰下,對兩人的競賽模式與技術型態進行分析比較。方法:以林丹與李宗偉2008-2010年間四場賽事之對戰內容影片,進行標記分析,共十局,輸贏各占兩場、五局。紀錄內容為每球、每拍擊球時的位置(前、後場)及擊球動作的主被動(擊球時高於網為主動、低於網為被動),以及球落點的位置(前、中、後場)。所得資料分別以二因子和三因子變異數分析進行統計考驗。結果:林丹和李宗偉在擊球點和落點上沒有差異;林丹在前場接發球回擊到後場的比例高於前場,而李宗偉在前場接發球回擊到前場小球的比例高於後場;林丹以主動或被動擊球方式造成失分沒有顯著差異,而李宗偉以被動擊球方式造成失分的情形明顯比主動來的多。結論:林丹和李宗偉兩者在發球的技術型態以發短球為主,但兩者在前場接發球的技術型態上有明顯差異。在得分方面,兩者以後場主動得分和前場被動得分趨勢是一樣,兩人的得分技術型態是一樣,但在失分的技術型態上,在使用比例高的應用技術,所造成的失誤也很高。以標記分析比賽內容的結果,可提供在訓練上的應用,並對未來的研究提出參考方向。

Parallel abstracts


Men's single champion in Badminton has always been the center of attention among the badminton players. The world renowned Chinese player Lin, Dan, and the Malaysian player Lee, Zhong-Wei are no doubt the most favorable candidates for the title, therefore, the matches played by Lin and Lee have always been very popular and attracted many spectators. The purpose of the study was to analyze and compare the Badminton singles' performance of Lin and Lee by way of the notational analysis. Video recordings of 4 matches (10 games) played during 2008-1020 where each player won/lost 2 matches (5 games) were analyzed. The positions in the court where a shot was hit / landed were recorded. In addition, a shot which was hit with an attacking (above the net) or defensive (below the net) style was also recorded for every stroke. Data were analyzed with the 2-way and 3-way mixed design ANOVA for statistical tests. The results showed that the general distributions of the shots locations are similar for both players. However, when receiving the forecourt shot, Lin had significantly more shots hit to the backcourt than the forecourt whereas Lee tended to return the shots to the forecourt more. For the points lost, Lin showed equal distribution between the attacking and defensive shots, but there were more points lost from the defensive shots for Lee's performance. In conclusion, Lin and Lee both preferred the low services in their singles' games, but the returning shots from the forecourt showed different preferences. Both players showed similar tactics of winning points from backcourt attacking shots and forecourt defensive shots, but a the high rate of error from these shots were also observed for both players. Notational analysis on the performance of Badminton games provides useful information for adjusting training program to prepare for matches. Future research direction is also discussed.

References


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