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眼球追蹤技術在學習與教育上的應用

Eye Tracking Technology for Learning and Education

Abstracts


本文目的為對眼球追蹤技術在學習與教育上的應用進行論述。人類的認知訊息處理歷程中有80%以上的訊息是由視覺獲得,而眼球運動也是認知過程中最為重要的感官訊息來源,近來發展的眼球追蹤技術提供了自然且即時的測量來探討認知、情緒、動機等議題,因此,眼球追蹤技術已經被廣泛地使用在各個領域中。本文針對眼球追蹤與眼球追蹤儀的基本概念、眼動指標、操作方法、資料分析方法等進行介紹。並針對眼動與閱讀、眼動與教學、眼動與問題解決及眼動與情意特質的運用等議題進行論述。藉由本文的介紹將使讀者對眼動研究在學習與教育上的應用有基本的認識。

Keywords

教育 眼球追蹤 跳視 學習 凝視時間

Parallel abstracts


The purpose of this article is to canvass the advantages of using eye-tracking technologies for applications in learning and education. More than 80% of the course of human cognitive processing is based on information acquired from visual modals. Eye movement plays an unrivaled role in inferring a given individual internal state. Recent developments in eye tracking technology have shown a powerful natural and real-time measuring for cognition, emotion, and motivation. This is evidenced from a wide range of reported studies and researches. We reviewed the representative research of reading, problem-solving, teaching, affect disposition, and other issues by displaying how eye-tracking technology can support advanced studies on mental processes. In addition, basic mechanical concepts, indicators, operation methods, and data analysis for the use of eye-tracking technology were introduced and discussed.

Parallel keywords

education eye tracking saccade learning fixation time

References


柯華葳、陳明蕾、廖家寧(2005)。詞頻、詞彙類型與眼球運動型態:來自篇章閱讀的證據。中華心理學刊。47(4),381-398。
陳學志、彭淑玲、曾千芝、邱皓政(2008)。藉由眼動追蹤儀器探討平均掃視幅度大小與創造力之關係。教育心理學報。39,127-149。
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吳佳雯(2015)。色彩標示重點詞在不同文本類型中對於中文短文閱讀效益之眼動研究〔碩士論文,國立清華大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://doi.org/10.6843/NTHU.2015.00124
張玉秀(2013)。不同思考風格與遊戲經驗的玩家眼動分析-以數獨為例〔碩士論文,國立交通大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://doi.org/10.6842/NCTU.2013.00191
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徐孟君(2017)。學習障礙生與一般生閱讀特殊排版文章的學習歷程與腦波變化之差異比較〔碩士論文,中原大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://doi.org/10.6840/cycu201700676

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