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肢體障礙學生電腦輔具使用現況及需求調查

A Survey of Computer Access Devices for Students with Physical Disabilities

Abstracts


本文旨在調查高中職及大專就讀普通班肢體障礙學生電腦與網際網路使用現況及輔具的需求,研究者利用自編問卷,訪問23位高中職及大專學生,結果發現高中職以上的學生使用電腦時間呈現兩極化,而電腦輔具的使用的確可以改善他們在鍵盤、滑鼠、電腦基本操作以及基本軟體操作的困難。此外,國內輔具使用缺乏完善評估與服務系統,輔具使用者也缺乏對輔具的正確認識;為了提升輔具使用率及效能,未來期從下列方向努力:建立完善的評估與服務流程、增加電腦輔具補助的項目、增加電腦輔具相關訊息與知識的推廣及加強輔具相關專業人力的培育。

Parallel abstracts


This purpose of this study was to investigate the current status in computer access and the use of assistive devices in senior high school and college students with physical disabilities. 23 students with physical disabilities participated in this study. The results indicated that students with physical disabilities present highly variation in times using computer and internet. Keyboard and mouse operation skills did improve with appropriate access devices. However, the lack of comprehensive assistive technology assessment and services impeded the use of input devices. We should establishment customized assistive technology assessment and service, increase the funding of devices, advocate the importance and knowledge of assistive technology, and enrich the fundamental skills of the therapists.

References


吳亭芳、陳明聰、邱崇懿、王華沛(2007)。國小腦性麻痺學生電腦使用現況及相關輔具需求調查。特殊教育季刊。105,42-48。
Cook, A. M.,Polgar, J. M.(2007).Cook and Hussey's assistive technologies: Principles and practice.Philadelphia, PA:Elsevier Health Sciences.
European Commission. (2008, December 23). ICT research: The policy perspective, e-government and e-participation. Retrieved from http://ec.europa.eu/information_society/ecupope/i2010/does.digital_literacy/digital_literacy_review.pdf
Harris, F.,Springle, S.(2003).Cost analysis in assistive technology research.Assistive Technology.15,16-27.
Lenker, J. A.,Paquet, V. L.(2004).A new conceptual model for assistive technology outcomes research and practice.Assistive Technology.16,1-10.

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