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科舉制度三個重要問題的現代分析

An Analysis of the Three Important Issues of the Civil Servant Examination System in Imperial China through Modem Viewpoints

Abstracts


中國科舉制度起於隋而終於晚清,當1905年上諭廢科舉時,世人以為影響士人千年的制度終於走入歷史,考試不再領導教學。然事與願違,長期以來,兩岸教育制度中依然看到舊科舉的影子。本文旨在從現代的角度,挑出三個古今都持續面對的大問題來做探討,希望能夠找出啟示,三個問題分別是:人才供需是否失調、科舉能否促進社會流動、及考試選才方式能否廢除。最後發現在強調社會公平的傳統價值觀、社會資源僧多粥少、及人才供需失衡等等因素影響下,類似過去科舉以公開考試取才的方式,仍將續存兩岸。

Parallel abstracts


The civil servant examination system in imperial China was started in the Sui Dynasty and abolished in the late Ching Dynasty in 1905. It was thought that the system would not influence scholars any longer. However, such kind of daily teaching and learning at schools of Taiwan and China is still conditioned and dominated by the examination system. The main purpose of this paper is to inquire the three important issues of the civil servant examination system in imperial China through modern viewpoints. The three issues are discussed one by one, including imbalanced supply and demand of schooling, the function of examination for promoting social mobility, and the possibility of abolishing social selection by open examinations. From the study, it is found that the emphasis of social equality, the scarcity of social resources, and the imbalance of supply and demand in human resources still exist in Taiwan and China. Therefore, it is considered that such kind of open examination system similar to the civil servant examination will still be existent in Chinese society.

References


中國時報(2007/09/22)
工商時報
周愚文、李弘祺編(2006)。中國與東亞的教育傳統(一)中國的教育與科舉。臺北市:喜瑪拉雅研究發展基金會。
聯合報(2007/08/25)
黃榮村、臺灣評鑑協會主編()。

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