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從科學學習的觀點探討模型與建模能力

From Science Learning Points of View to Explore Model and Modeling Ability in Science Education

Abstracts


科學的發展過程中科學家常透過模型的建立,使科學知識得以簡明的方式表示或傳遞其理論,以做爲溝通的媒介。但是在科學教育的教學中,教師較少發展學生對模型的觀點,也不重視建模能力的建構,因而學生對模型的看法常停留在具體的層次而未能提升到抽象的層次,使得科學學習受到阻礙,更遑論整體建模能力的培養。有鑑於此,本文主要是回顧有關模型和建模能力的相關文獻,並對其在科學教育的教與學中所扮演的角色以及以模型爲基礎的教學實例加以評析,以作爲科學教與學之參考。

Keywords

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Parallel abstracts


Model construction has played an important role in the process of scientific development that allows scientific knowledge and its theories to be conveyed via a concise way and to act as a mediator for science learning. However, in science teaching, teachers neither help students develop their points of view about models, nor do they provide opportunities for developing students' modeling ability. Therefore, students' viewpoints about models remain at a concrete level and are lacking of abilities in thinking abstractly. The purpose of this paper is to review the relevant literature on models and modeling ability, their roles in science instruction, and importance of model-based teaching and learning in science education. Educational implications about models and modeling abilities are discussed.

Parallel keywords

model modeling ability

Cited by


吳美瑤(2014)。動手製作心肺模型教具對國中生生物科教學之研究〔碩士論文,國立屏東科技大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://doi.org/10.6346/NPUST.2014.00067
周宜靜(2016)。探討建模文本對於十年級學生學習原子模型之學習成效與建模能力之影響〔碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://doi.org/10.6345/NTNU202204938
蔡哲銘(2020)。探討以「建模導向探究」及「專題導向探究」的教學策略融入「探究與實作」課程設計下之學生學習成果〔博士論文,國立臺灣師範大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://doi.org/10.6345/NTNU202001598
賴俊文(2010)。探討建模教學對於八年級學生學習物質粒子概念之學習成效與建模能力之影響〔碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://www.airitilibrary.com/Article/Detail?DocID=U0021-1610201315213622
劉俊庚(2011)。探討模型與建模對於學生原子概念學習之影響〔博士論文,國立臺灣師範大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://www.airitilibrary.com/Article/Detail?DocID=U0021-1610201315223764

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