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以動物實驗評估經陽極表面處理微型骨釘之癒合效果與穩固度

Evaluation of the Healing and Stability of an Anodized mini-screws in an Animal Study

Abstracts


陽極處理技術可以有效增加鈦金屬植體表面氧化膜厚與多孔性,有利於細胞貼覆及組織生長,增進骨組織生長的質與量,而有助於縮短骨整合所需的時間。本研究之目的在以體內試驗評估微型骨釘(mini-screw)經陽極處理後,對穩固度之影響。試驗採用尺寸分別為1.3mm與1.5mm之微型骨釘各12支,實驗對象為三隻雄性小獵犬(beagle),植入位置為下顎無牙區處,施力前之等待癒合時間為0週、2週與6週三組,再以鎳鈦合金彈簧連接同組骨釘,控制施力約為200克,持續三個月,於動物犧牲後,以組織切片測量骨釘骨接觸程度。結果顯示,1.3mm骨釘成功率為87.5%(10/12),1.5mm骨釘為100%(12/12),前者骨接觸程度分別為37.57%(癒合0週)、78.52%(癒合2週)與47.73%(癒合6週),後者則分別為49.33%,59.08%與46.86%,皆高於先前文獻研究結果,陽極處理效果可能是影響的主因。未來發展上可結合陽極處理技術,縮短矯正骨釘臨床使用長度,使其兼具操作安全與穩固度佳之優點。

Parallel abstracts


The porous oxide surface characteristics of titanium (Ti) alloy can be improved by the technology of anodization which benefits cell adhesion and tissue growth. It also accelerates the quality and quantity of bone growth that in turn, helps to shorten the period of bone healing. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of anodized mini-screws on stability in vivo. The chosen sizes of the mini-screws were 1.3 and 1.5mm. We used 12 screws each on 3 male beagles. We selected edentulous areas for implantation, and the times of healing before applying a force were 0, 2, and 6 weeks, respectively. Then we connected nickel/titanium (NiTi) coil springs to the mini-screws in the same group, and the magnitude of the applied force was controlled to 200g. A histological analysis was carried out to measure the area of the bone-implant contact (BIC). The results showed that the success rates were 87.5% (10/12) for the 1.3-mm mini-screw and 100% (12/12) for the 1.5-mm one. The extents of the BIC of the former group were 37.57% (for a healing time of 0 week), 78.52% (for a healing time of 2 weeks), and 47.73% (for a healing time of 6 weeks). Values for the 1.5-mm mini-screws were 49.33%, 59.08%, and 46.86%, respectively. These were all higher than values reported in previous studies. In a future development, we hope to be able to combine this technology of anodization to shorten the length of mini-screws for clinical use in order to improve their safety and stability.

Parallel keywords

orthodontics anchorage mini-screws anodization

Cited by


林婉婷(2013)。以奈米壓印表面處理改變矯正橡皮鏈之物理性質及生物相容性研究〔碩士論文,臺北醫學大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://doi.org/10.6831/TMU.2013.00108
陳俊伊(2011)。以有限元素法分析矯正用骨釘應力分布狀態〔碩士論文,臺北醫學大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://www.airitilibrary.com/Article/Detail?DocID=U0007-3107201120215500

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