Title

區域經濟收斂與空間外溢效應臺灣,1991-2001

Translated Titles

Regional Economic Convergence and Spatial Spillover Effects Taiwan, 1991-2001

DOI

10.6161/jgs.2010.58.01

Authors

紀玉臨(Yu-Lin Chi);賴進貴(Jinn-Guey Lay)

Key Words

空間外溢效應 ; 區域經濟收斂 ; 空間計量經濟 ; 探索式空間資料分析 ; spatial spillover effects ; regional economic convergence ; spatial econometrics ; exploratory spatial data analysis

PublicationName

地理學報

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

58期(2010 / 04 / 01)

Page #

1 - 23

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

本研究由空間觀點切入,以1991年至2001年的臺灣工商及服務業普查與戶口及住宅普查資料,利用探索式空間資料分析與空間計量經濟方法,探討空間外溢效應對經濟成長的影響。研究結果顯示:1)傳統非空間模型,忽略空間要素,導致其估計結果有所偏誤;2)支持σ收斂與β收斂假說,區域勞動生產力不均程度逐漸縮小,且起始生產力較低的區域,後續經濟成長速度較快;3)空間延遲模型估計結果表明空間外溢效應有顯著的影響,鄰近經濟成長率高的區域,有利於提升本身的經濟表現。

English Abstract

This research attempts to explore the regional economic convergence from spatial perspective. Using industry, commerce and service census and population and housing census data between 1991-2001, we investigate the effects of spatial spillovers on labor productivity growth with exploratory spatial data analysis and spatial econometric methods. The empirical results indicate three conclusions. First, the non-spatial models applied to analyze β-convergence suffer from a misspecification due to omitted spatial dependence. Second, there are α-convergence and β-convergence. Inequality of regional labor productivity between townships declined from 1991 to 2001. Poor townships displayed faster economic growth rates than wealthy ones. Last, the estimation results of spatial lag models indicate spatial spillover effects matter for regional economic growth. Regions can significantly benefit from high economic growth of neighboring regions.

Topic Category 人文學 > 地理及區域研究
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