Title

Chinese Culture and Occupational Therapy

Translated Titles

中國文化與職能治療

DOI

10.6594/JTOTA.1993.11.09

Authors

張彧(Yuh Jang)

Key Words

Chinese culture ; occupational therapy

PublicationName

職能治療學會雜誌

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

11卷(1993 / 12 / 01)

Page #

95 - 104

Content Language

英文

Chinese Abstract

醫療人員治療一個病人時,不僅僅只考慮他的疾病,還有他的疾病本身,同時要兼顧他的需要、他的價值觀、生活形態和文化背景。本文藉由文獻回顧及作者的觀察與分析,發現中國文化與職能治療在活動的運用、生活必須保持平衡與和諧、環境對人的影響及環境在治療評估病人的重要性、內在的動機以及對人道主義及存主義的主張上都有相似觀念。中國文化與職能治療最大的不同在於對病人角色的詮釋。在中國人的眼裡病人的角色應該是倚賴的與被動的,而職能治療卻相信病人應該主動的參與治療與計劃並且應該是獨立的。藉由分析的結果,如何在臨床上利用中國文化與職能治療間的異同也在文中提出。

English Abstract

A study of the relationship between Chinese culture and occupational therapy was presented in this paper. Based on literature review and direct observations and analysis by the author, it was found that Chinese culture and occupational therapy share common thinking, on the concept on the use of activity, the concept of balance and harmony, the environmental influences in treatment and evaluation, intrinsic motivation and meaningful existence. The major difference between Chinese culture and occupational therapy is the perception of the role of the sick person. In the Chinese society, the role of the patient is dependent and passive, but occupational therapy believes that the patient should be independent and actively participate in the therapy. The implications of these aspects for clinical practice were also described.

Topic Category 醫藥衛生 > 醫藥總論