Title

回顧社區健康介入計畫:以預防心血管疾病為例

Translated Titles

A Review of community-based Intervention Programs: Heart Health Projects as Examples

DOI

10.6288/TJPH2005-24-06-01

Authors

林宜平(Yi-Ping Lin)

Key Words

社區健康 ; 疾病預防 ; 心血管疾病 ; community health ; disease prevention ; cardiovascular disease

PublicationName

台灣公共衛生雜誌

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

24卷6期(2005 / 12 / 01)

Page #

461 - 470

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

本文以預防心血管疾病為例,回顧歐美等國的大型社區健康介入計畫,探討此類計畫缺乏長期成效的可能原因,並討論其研究設計與測量指標,最後則小結社區健康介入計畫未來的研究取向。歐美等國的社區心血管疾病預防計畫,多半由研究機構設計與執行,然而幾個著名的大型社區研究計畫,長期追蹤的結果都發現,介入社區的各項健康指標雖然大有改善,但是對照社區也有同樣的變化,二者在統計上並無顯著差異。本文由這類大型介入計畫的研究設計與其背後的社會變遷,探討計畫缺乏成效的可能原因,並進一步討論美國式量化研究的缺失,比較健康照護體系與社區的異同,及介紹社區層次的健康指標。作者以歐美等國的社區心血管疾病的預防計畫為例,建議未來社區健康介入研究,除致力於個人行為改變外,應同時考慮環境與政策改變;在方法學上質性研究應與量性研究並重;評量工具可由社區指標取代個人指標;而研究計畫的主導者則應由研究者轉移到社區居民。

English Abstract

This article used community heart health projects as examples to review the trend and development of community-based intervention programs in the US and European countries. The author explored the reasons for why there was no significantly effective outcome in many of these large-scale programs, and discussed the study designs and health indictors of such programs. From both review and discussion, the author suggested future research strategies in community-based intervention studies. Since the 1970s, many American and European research institutes have supported large-scale community-based intervention programs aiming at preventing cardiovascular diseases. In many programs, the prevalence of risk factors and cardiovascular disease had been lowered in the intervened communities that were the subject of intervention. The controlled community, however, also showed the same secular changes over in the long-term research period. Statistically speaking, there were no significant differences between the experimental and control groups. The author reviewed some new research designs and new approaches in community-based intervention studies. As a conclusion, the author suggest that future community-based studies should consider environmental and policy changes as well as individual behavior changes; apply both qualitative and quantitative methods, replace individual-level indicators with community-level indicators, and shift the directorship of the program from investigators to community participants.

Topic Category 醫藥衛生 > 預防保健與衛生學
醫藥衛生 > 社會醫學
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Times Cited
  1. 饒秀玲(2009)。衛生教育介入對社區民眾在高血壓自我保健知識與行為成效之探討。中臺科技大學護理研究所學位論文。2009。1-131。 
  2. 陳瑞芳(2007)。社區健康營造之研究-以亞東醫院與樹林市健康營造協會為例。元智大學管理研究所學位論文。2007。1-134。
  3. 簡慈儀(2008)。50歲以上民眾初次罹患腦中風疾病之危險因素探討-以中部某醫學中心病患為例。亞洲大學健康管理研究所學位論文。2008。1-129。
  4. 饒秀玲(2009)。衛生教育介入對社區民眾在高血壓自我保健知識與行為成效之探討。中臺科技大學護理研究所學位論文。2009。1-131。