Title

生涯概念在特殊教育場域之論述~以臺灣特殊教育導論教科書為例

Translated Titles

Career Discourse in Special Education in Taiwan: IntroductorySpecial Education Textbooks Published from 1966 to 2003

DOI

10.6172/BSE201111.3603001

Authors

黃文慧(Wen-Hui Huang);林幸台(Hsin-Tai Lin)

Key Words

特殊教育導論 ; 教科書 ; 論述分析 ; discourse analysis ; introductory special education ; textbook

PublicationName

特殊教育研究學刊

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

36卷3期(2011 / 11 / 30)

Page #

1 - 26

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

本文以論述分析檢視民國55年至92年臺灣特殊教育導論教科書對障礙者生涯之建構,探討特殊教育入門知識選取、認可的論述型態與視框。結果發現,隨著戒嚴解除,社會團體進入特殊教育論述場域、生涯議題納入官方政策,以及教科書出版的間隔時間,生涯論述可以民國80年為界,分為二類:一、民國55年至80年醫學與經濟論述搭架的生涯,其主要特色包括:就業導向的生涯論述、分/合的經濟生產位置、個體特質支配生涯決定、升學論述沉默與障別、性別、職種缺席的策略。二、民國80年至92年醫學、經濟與社會契約論述搭架的生涯,其主要特色包括:職業/升學選擇並置的生涯、分/合之外的生產位置、生涯決定取決於個體生涯技能與能力的準備、點綴式與篇幅增加的策略。文末則從檢視教科書發話位置、障礙者主體位置、提供多元生涯發展例證與生涯論述觀點等提出建議。

English Abstract

Purpose: Under the policy of equity and adapted education, increasingly more students with disabilities graduating from high school are facing career decision-making. This study did not only identify the career discourse development of individuals with disabilities, but also enquires how to construct career discourse in introductory special education textbooks in Taiwan to challenge our thinking about realistic aspects of careers in the field of special education. Methods: This study adopted a qualitative approach and employed Foucauldian Discourse Analysis. Two sets of data were used in the study. Primary data were the 16 introductory special education textbooks published in Taiwan from 1966 to 2003. Other documents compared or supplied textbook arguments as follows: (1) policy documents, official publications, and academic papers related to careers for individuals with disabilities; (2) documents and publications from special interest groups related to people with disabilities. After collecting data, the researcher undertook data analysis by a constant comparison method, and connected themes to derived results. Findings: During the 1990’s when martial law ended in Taiwan, career discourse shifted because of more interest groups participating in the discursive special education field, and career issues became an agenda in special education policy. Two categories of career discourse emerged for discursive shift. The first career discourse from 1966 to 1990 was based on medical and economic discursive construction: (1) employment-based discourse lacked post-secondary education discourse, (2) either separate or competitive placement of economic production, (3) career decision was made by object’s trait-factors, and (4) discur sive strategies were used in the absence of disabilities, gender, and occupation classifications. The second career discourse from 1991 to 2003 was based on medical, economic, and social contracts: (1) career discourse-blended employment and post-secondary education discourse, (2) continuous placement of economic production, (3) career decision was made regarding the participant’s career skills and competence, and (4) discursive strategies: intersperse and increase literature on post-secondary education discourse. Conclusions/ Implications: The results demonstrated that introductory special education textbooks construct career discourse on people with disabilities within the medical and economical framework. The study suggested the following: (1) examine the spoken position of introductory special education textbooks, (2) identify subject positions of people with disabilities in introductory special education textbooks, and (3) supplement examples on alternative career development for people with disabilities in introductory special education textbooks.

Topic Category 社會科學 > 教育學
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