Translated Titles

An Exploratory Study of Children's Personality Profiles on the Tell-Me-A-Story




林美珠(Meei-Ju Lin);劉秋木(Chiu-Mu Liu)

Key Words

Tell-Me-A-Story ; TEMAS ; 人格側影 ; Tell-Me-A-Story ; TEMAS ; personality profile



Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

51卷2期(2004 / 12 / 01)

Page #

249 - 284

Content Language


Chinese Abstract


English Abstract

The major purpose of this study was to explore Costantino's ”Tell Me A Story” (TEMAS) by two continual studies, one was to explore children's responses toward TEMAS, and the other was to investigate children's personality profiles on the TEMAS, and further, to compare the TEMAS and a sell-report scale currently used in Taiwan to measure the life-adjustment of children. One hundred and forty-seven fifth graders expressed their ”like of” and ”familiar with” the TEMAS cards, then comparisons between cards of like/dislike and familiar/unfamiliar on time reaction and verbal fluency were conducted. Two trained judges scored the personality functions based on children's stories. Then, comparisons between the TEMAS and the self-report scale were made. The results of this study were as follows: 1. Reaction time to the TEMAS from children in this study was similar to those children of the same age in Costantino's study. In this study, girls showed significantly higher verbal fluency than boys. 2. The mean scores on the TEMAS personality functions were above the average, which was very similar to the mean scores in Costantino's study. This study also found no significant differences either on the Sex or Adjustment; however, Sexual Identity and Moral Judgment were two of the functions that showed unusual results. 3. The correlations between the TEMAS and the self-report scale were very low, indicating that these might be two different or complementary measures on different personality dimensions. 4. The inter-rater reliability of the TEMAS was partly unsatisfactory due to the problem from the original scoring system, thus this needs to be improved in the future.

Topic Category 社會科學 > 心理學
社會科學 > 教育學
  1. Anastashi, A.(1988).Psychological Testing.
  2. Aronow, E.,Weiss, K. A.,Reznikoff, M.(2001).A practical guide to the Thematic Apperception Test.
  3. Colby, A.,Kohlberg, L.(1987).The measurement of moral judgment.
  4. Costantino, G.,Malgady, R. G.(2000).Handbook of cross-cultural and multicultural personality assessment.
  5. Costantino, G.,Malgady, R. G.(1983).Verbal fluency of Hispanic, Black and White Children on TAT and TEMAS: A new Thematic Apperception Test.Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences,5
  6. Costantino, G.,Malgady, R. G.,Colon-Malgady, G.,Bailey, J.(1992).Journal of Personality Assessment,59
  7. Costantino, G.,Malgady, R. G.,Rogler, L. H.(1988).TEMAS (Tell-Me-A-Story) manual.
  8. Costantino, G.,Malgady, R. G.,Rogler, L. H.,Tsui, E. C.(1988).Discriminant analysis of clinical outpatients and public school children by TEMAS: A thematic apperception test for Hispanics and Blacks.Journal of Personality Assessment,52
  9. Cpstantino, G.,Colon-Malgady, G.,Malgady, R. G.,Perez, A.(1991).Assessment of attention deficit disorder using a thematic apperception technique.Journal of Personality Assessment,57
  10. Flanagan, R.(1999).Objective and projective personality assessment: The TEMAS and the Behavioral Assessment System for Children, Self-report of Personality.Psychological Report,84
  11. Flanagan, R.,Di Giuseppe, R.(1999).Critical review of the TEMAS: A step within the development of thematic apperception instruments.Psychology in the Schools,36
  12. Gesek, G. J.(1996).A review and critique of the Tell-Me-A-Story (TEMAS) Apperceptive Test.
  13. Malgady, R. G.,Costintino, G.,Rogler, L. H.(1984).Development of a thematic apperception test (TEMAS) for urban Hispanic children.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology,52
  14. Ritzier, B.(1993).TEMAS (Tell-Me-A-Story).Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment,11
  15. 吳新華(1996)。國小兒童生活適應量表
  16. 林美珠、劉秋木(2000)。兒童在TEMAS及人格測驗上所呈現的人格側影比較研究
  17. 劉秋木、林美珠(1999)。道德價值的評量-TAT的可行性研究:(二)實徵研究
  18. 劉秋木、林美珠(2000)。從詮釋學觀點看主題統覺測驗(TAT)故事的解釋。國家科學委員會研究彙刊:人文及社會科學,10(2)
  19. 劉秋木、林美珠(1999)。道德價值的評量-TAT的可行性研究:(一)理論基礎研究。花師學報,9
Times Cited
  1. 林玉華、吳依璇(2009)。伴隨與未伴隨品行問題之ADHD兒童的反社會型態比較。中華輔導與諮商學報,26,121-162。