Title

同儕對高中生之利社會行為的影響:檢視同理心與友誼特性之調節角色

Translated Titles

Peer Influence on Prosocial Behavior of High School Students: Examining Moderating Roles of Empathy and Friendship Features

DOI

10.6388/JES.201206.0105

Authors

簡嘉盈(Chia-Ying Chien);程景琳(Ching-Ling Cheng)

Key Words

同儕影響力 ; 利社會行為 ; 同理心 ; 友誼特性 ; Peer Influence ; Prosocial Behavior ; Empathy ; Friendship Features

PublicationName

教育科學期刊

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

11卷1期(2012 / 06 / 01)

Page #

105 - 123

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

本研究主要目的在探討同儕對於高中生之利社會行為(即關懷、助人、合作行為)的影響,並針對高中生本身之同理心(同理關懷及觀點取替)與同儕間之友誼特性(友誼品質、互動頻率、友誼持續度),進一步檢視其是否對於同儕影響力有調節作用。研究對象為台灣北部地區公立高中一、二年級502位學生(男259人,女243人,平均年齡15.9歲),以「利社會行為問卷-同儕提名」、「同儕提名問卷」、「同理心量表」、「友誼特性量表」等工具,測量高中生利社會行為、同儕利社會行為、高中生之同理心及友誼特性。主要研究結果為:一、同儕利社會行為對於自身利社會行為具有顯著預測力;二、同理心對同儕利社會行為與自身利社會行為之關係具有調節效果;三、友誼特性(友誼品質、互動頻率與友誼持續度)對同儕利社會行為與自身利社會行為之關係未達顯著調節效果。

English Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between close friends' prosocial behavior and adolescents' prosocial behavior. Three types of behavior (i.e., caring, helping, cooperative) representing prosocial behavior were included in this study. The moderating roles of adolescents' empathy and friendship features in the relationship between close friends' prosocial behavior and adolescents' prosocial behavior were examined. Participants of this study were 502 adolescents (259 boys and 243 girls, mean age was 15.9 years old) in senior high school of four areas in northern Taiwan. Adolescents' prosocial behavior was assessed by peer nominations. The prosocial scores of three nominated close friends were averaged to represent the peer influence of prosocial behavior. The main findings were as follows:1. Close friends' prosocial behavior significantly predicted adolescents' prosocial behavior.2. Adolescents' empathy played a significant moderating role in the relationship between close friends' prosocial behavior and adolescents' prosocial behavior.3. The variable of friendship features did not have a moderating effect in the relationship between close friends' prosocial behavior and adolescents' prosocial behavior.

Topic Category 社會科學 > 教育學
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