Title

完形治療取向督導模式及其督導歷程實錄分析

Translated Titles

Gestalt Approach to Supervision and an Analysis of Supervision Process

DOI

10.7082/CARGC.200209.0073

Authors

卓紋君(Wen-Chun Cho);徐西森(Shi-Sen Shyu)

Key Words

完形督導 ; 督導歷程 ; 諮商覺察 ; Gestalt supervisison ; supervision process ; counseling awareness

PublicationName

中華輔導學報

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

12期(2002 / 09 / 01)

Page #

73 - 116

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

督導可說是發展諮商與心理治療專業極為重要的一環。在諮商督導的領域中,督導理論約可為兩大主流,其中之一乃是以諮商學派為基礎,取其精髓再建構而成的心理治療理論的督導模式。完形治療取向的督導模式(supervision from a Gestalt therapy perspective)是其中的一支,此一模式除了協助諮商員專業技術的發展之外,也非常強調諮商員個人化的發展,以及探討督導者和被督導者之間督導歷程的議題(McBride,1998)。國外有關完形取向之督導的文獻頗為有限,而觀諸國內對此取向督導理論或實務的討論更是少見。基於此,本文旨在介紹完形治療取向督導模式的理念、歷程、技術與實務,並摘取某一段運用完形治療技術的督導歷程記錄,加以分析與說明。 本督導實錄的歷程約可分為三個階段:從第一階段著重在協助諮商員(受督導者)探索並體驗團體中個人的角色與行為,到第二階段,督導者引導諮商員整理其諮商困境,並置焦於「個人我」與「專業我」之間的對立角色;第三階段則是整合諮商員的自我,進而促使其為自己的過去與未來負責。最後,文中亦針對此一完形督導相關的議題略作討論,筆者希望提昇學界對此一取向之督導能有進一步的瞭解,並期望拓展未來相關研究的可能性。

English Abstract

Counseling supervision is one of the important elements in the development of counseling and psychotherapy profession. There are two divisions of supervision theories, one of them is derived from a particular counseling theory, such as analytical approach to supervision, personal-centered approach to supervision, and Gestalt approach to supervision. A review of the literature shows rare discussion about Gestalt approach to supervision, not mention its relevant research. This paper aims to introduce the background, theory, techniques, and practice of Gestalt approach to supervision, along with a verbatim record of the supervision process. The analysis of this supervision process covers three phases-from (1) exploring the supervisee’s primary concern in dealing with the group counseling, (2) focusing on the supervisee’s inner conflicts between “individual self” and “professional self”, to (3) integrating both parts of the supervisee’s selves. Some issues concerning this piece of supervision work are discussed. It is hoped to enhance the understanding of Gestalt approach to supervision as well as to promote future research on the effects of supervision using this approach.

Topic Category 生物農學 > 生物農學綜合
社會科學 > 心理學
社會科學 > 教育學
Reference
  1. Baudry, F. D.(1993).The personal dimension and management of the supervisory situation with a special note on the parallel process.Psychoanalytic Quarterly,62,588-614.
  2. Beisser, A.(1970).Gestalt therapy now.Palo Alto:Science & Behavior Books.
  3. Bernard, J. M.,Goodyear, R. K.(1992).Fundamentals of Clinical Supervision.Needham Heights, MA:Allyn and Bacon.
  4. Bernard, J. M.,Goodyear, R. K.(1992).Fundamentals of Clinical Supervision.Needham Heights, MA:Allyn and Bacon.
  5. Borders, L. D.,Leddick, G. R.(1987).Handbook of counseling supervision.California:SAGE Publications, Inc..
  6. Borders, L. D.,Leddick, G. R.(1987).Handbook of counseling supervision.California:SAGE Publications, Inc..
  7. Clarkson, P.(1999).Gestalt therapy in action.California:SAGE Publications, Inc..
  8. Clarkson, P.(1999).Gestalt therapy in action.California:SAGE Publications, Inc..
  9. Corey, G.(1996).Theory and practice of counseling and psychotherapy.International Thomson Publishing Company.
  10. Corey, G.(1996).Theory and practice of counseling and psychotherapy.International Thomson Publishing Company.
  11. Corsini, R. J.,Wedding, D.(1995).Current psychotherapy.Pea-Peacock, Inc..
  12. Corsini, R. J.,Wedding, D.(1995).Current psychotherapy.Pea-Peacock, Inc..
  13. Goodyear, R. K.,Abadie, P, D.,Efros, F.(1984).Supervisory theory into practice: Differential perception of supervision by Ekstein, Ellis, Polster, and Rogers.Journal of Counseling Psychology,31(2),228-237.
  14. Holloway, E. L.(1995).Clinical Supervision - A systems approach.California:Sage Publications, Inc..
  15. Holloway, E. L.(1995).Clinical Supervision - A systems approach.California:Sage Publications, Inc..
  16. Hoyt, M. F.,Goulding, R. L.(1989).Resolution of a transference-counterference impasse: Using gestalt techniques in supervision.Transactional Analysis Journal,19(4),201-211.
  17. Hycner, R.,Jacobs, L.(1995).The healing relationship in Gestalt therapy: A dialogic-self psychology.NY:The Gestalt Journal Press.
  18. Hycner, R.,Jacobs, L.(1995).The healing relationship in Gestalt therapy: A dialogic-self psychology.NY:The Gestalt Journal Press.
  19. McBride, M. C.(1998).The use of process in supervision: A Gestalt approach.Guidance and Counselling,13(4),41-46.
  20. Oaklander, V.(1998).Windows to our child: A gestalt therapy approach to children and adolescents.NY:The Gestalt Journal Press.
  21. Oaklander, V.(1998).Windows to our child: A gestalt therapy approach to children and adolescents.NY:The Gestalt Journal Press.
  22. Patterson, C. H.(1964).Supervision students in the counseling practicum.Journal of Counseling Psychology,11(1),47-53.
  23. Perls, F.(1973).The Gestalt Approach and Eye Witness to Therapy.Science & Behavior Books.
  24. Perls, F.(1973).The Gestalt Approach and Eye Witness to Therapy.Science & Behavior Books.
  25. Perls, F.,Hefferline, R.,Goodman, P.(1951).Gestalt therapy: Excitement and growth in the human personality.Highland, NY:The Gestalt Journal Press.
  26. Perls, F.,Hefferline, R.,Goodman, P.(1951).Gestalt therapy: Excitement and growth in the human personality.Highland, NY:The Gestalt Journal Press.
  27. Staemmler, F. M.(1994).On layers and phases: A message from overseas.The Gestalt Journal,17(1),5-31.
  28. Taibbi, R.(1995).Clinical supervision.Milwaukee, WI:Families International.
  29. Taibbi, R.(1995).Clinical supervision.Milwaukee, WI:Families International.
  30. Watson, M. F.(1993).Supervising the person of the therapist: Issues, challenges and dilemmas.Contemporary Family Therapy,15(1),21-31.
  31. Yontef, G.(1993).Awareness, dialogue and process: Essays on Gestalt therapy.New York:The Gestalt Journal Press.
  32. Yontef, G.(1995).Essential psychotherapies.New York:Guilford.
  33. Yontef, G.(1997).Handbook of psychotherapy supervision.New York:John Wiley & Sons, Inc..
  34. Zinker, J.(1977).Creative Process in Gestalt therapy.New York:Vintage Books.
  35. Zinker, J.(1977).Creative Process in Gestalt therapy.New York:Vintage Books.
  36. 何麗儀(1997)。完形治療與教師情緒管理。諮商與輔導,143,23-27。
  37. 何麗儀(1997)。完形治療與教師情緒管理。諮商與輔導Counseling& Guidance,143,23-27。
  38. 吳秀碧 Woo, Shue-Pi(1998)。二十一世紀諮商員教育與督導研討會論文彙編。教育部訓育委員會、國立高雄師範大學輔導研究所。
  39. 吳秀碧(1998)。二十一世紀諮商員教育與督導研討會論文彙編。教育部訓育委員會、國立高雄師範大學輔導研究所。
  40. 李茂興(1996)。諮商與心理治療的理論與實務。台北:揚智。
  41. 李茂興(1996)。諮商與心理治療的理論與實務。台北:揚智。
  42. 林瑞吉 Lin, Ray-Chi(2000)。諮商督導研究之回顧與評析。諮商與輔導Counseling& Guidance,178,2-9。
  43. 林瑞吉(2000)。諮商督導研究之回顧與評析。諮商與輔導,178,2-9。
  44. 陳怡君 Chen, Yi-chun(2001)。覺察在完形諮商中的角色、地位及其應用。諮商與輔導Counseling& Guidance,183,6-8。
  45. 陳怡君(2001)。覺察在完形諮商中的角色、地位及其應用。諮商與輔導,183,6-8。
  46. 游淑瑜(1997)。完形雙椅對話技巧及其治療改變機轉。諮商與輔導,143,2-10。
  47. 游淑瑜(1997)。完形雙椅對話技巧及其治療改變機轉。諮商與輔導Counseling& Guidance,143,2-10。
  48. 黃宜敏(1995)。南區大專院校輔導教師諮商過程督導訓練研討會研習手冊。教育部訓育委員會。
  49. 劉玉華 Liu, Yu-Hwa(1995)。南區大專院校輔導教師諮商過程督導訓練研討會研習手冊。教育部訓育委員會。
  50. 劉玉華(1995)。南區大專院校輔導教師諮商過程督導訓練研討會研習手冊。教育部訓育委員會。
  51. 謝曜任(2001)。完形治療對身體工作的觀點。諮商與輔導Counseling& Guidance,183,2-5。
Times Cited
  1. 楊書毓(2008)。督導歷程中受督導者依附行為與督導效能知覺之關係研究。臺東大學教育學系教育研究碩士班學位論文。2008。1-143。