Title

藝術創作活動於長照機構老人實務應用

Translated Titles

The Applications of Artistic Activities in the Institutions for the Elderly

Authors

溫芯寧(Hsin-Ning Wen);吳宏蘭(Hung-Lan Wu);康思云(Szu-Yun Kang)

Key Words

長照機構 ; 老人 ; 藝術創作 ; Long-term care institution ; elderly ; artistic activities

PublicationName

臺灣老人保健學刊

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

12卷1期(2016 / 06 / 01)

Page #

22 - 36

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

藝術治療涵蓋藝術創作,透過藝術媒材,從事視覺心像的創造性藝術表達,經由藝術作品探索自己的感情,調和情緒,發展社交技巧,減少孤獨和憂鬱等負向情緒,提高自尊及自我成長,以達身心健康的目的。老化和疾病造成老人身體功能的改變,進而使日常生活自理能力逐漸退化,家人無法照顧,而入住長期照護機構,入住後因環境改變易導致負向情緒和感受,影響其心理和社會之健康。本文介紹藝術創作活動運用於長照機構老人之實例和創作作品解析,透過主題式之藝術創作活動團體,引導老人表達內在感受,轉化為具體的藝術作品,並進行團體成員間分享回饋及成果展示,以減輕憂鬱及孤獨等負面情緒,增進個人技能、自信心和成就感。期能藉由本文提供長照機構健康照護人員對藝術創作活動實務和技巧之認識,使藝術創作和照護實務相互結合,融入老人照護計畫,使照護專業更為多元且具有獨特性及創新性,促進機構老人生活的豐富性及趣味性,進而提升其生活品質。

English Abstract

Art therapy involves artistic activities using media and visual images to present art creations. To achieve physical and mental health goals, older people can explore self-conscious emotions, modulate moods, establish social skills, reduce negative feelings such as loneliness and anxiety, and increase self-esteem and self-improvement through participating in artistic activities. However, ageing and disease-induced functional changes and the lack of family care may gradually compromise old people's daily living skills, and consequently force them to stay in long-term care institutions. In addition, the parading shift of living environment may result in negative emotions and feelings, thereby affecting the mental and social health of the elderly. This study presented the application of artistic activities in the institutions for the elderly. The artwork analysis and themed group-art-therapy can help the elderly convert their inner feeling into substantial artworks. Moreover, experience exchange, feedbacks and performance exhibition between group members can compensate negative emotions such as depression and loneliness, improve personal skills, and thus enhance self-confidence and the sense of achievement. This study offers an opportunity for care-staffs to learn about the application and techniques of artistic activities, so care-staffs can combine clinical practice and artistic activities together and apply this joint technique to geriatrics care and practice. The diversity, uniqueness and creativity of caring professions as well as the variety and enjoyment of institutional old people’s daily life will also be greatly increased, and therefore improve the quality of lives of the elderly.

Topic Category 醫藥衛生 > 預防保健與衛生學