Title

以健康成功老化為願景-探討高齡者參與產出型志願服務活動之實證研究

Translated Titles

Improving a Volunteer Work as a Productive Activity within a Perspective on Healthy to Successful Aging

DOI

10.6534/jtotrp.2009.5(1).27

Authors

林美玲(Mei-Lin Lin);翁註重(Ju-Joan Wong);李昀儒(Yun-Ru Lee);邱文科(Wen-Ko Chiou)

Key Words

高齡者 ; 健康老化 ; 成功老化 ; 有生產力的老年 ; 志願服務活動 ; Elderly ; Healthy aging ; Successful aging ; Productive volunteer activity

PublicationName

臺灣職能治療研究與實務雜誌

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

5卷1期(2009 / 06 / 30)

Page #

27 - 40

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

目的:本研究以促進高齡者健康邁向成功老化為前提,探索高齡志工對於成功老化的主觀定義,以及參與產出型志願服務活動的動機、個人經驗與需求。期望本研究結果能提供老人照護社區醫護人員及社工專業人員,在設計相關志願服務活動的參考。方法:本研究透過國內外相關文獻回顧與整理,瞭解健康邁向成功老化與產出型志願服務活動的理論。經由文獻擬定訪談問題,針對長庚養生文化村內曾實際參與2007年林口長庚兒童醫院耶誕送暖的4位高齡志工,於活動實施後,進行1次團體座談會及2次個別訪談。訪談資料透過人本主義學習理論中的馬斯洛需求層次理論,形成主題因果聯繫編碼。結果:高齡者對於健康地成功老化的自我定義,不只來自身體機能的單一認定,本研究初步發現生於憂患的高齡者,對於成功老化的滿意度相對較高。而對於成功老化有較高自我滿意度者,較樂於分享生命經驗;可透過志願服務活動達到自我實現,獲致晚年的成就感。結論:高齡者參與志願服務活動在諸多重要文獻中已被證實有益於成功老化,而世代生存背景的影響,則在本研究裡首度被受訪者論及。是故若依據高齡者個別的世代背景,所產生的生命故事,來考量高齡者與弱勢兒童族群、年輕志工間的交流內涵,並針對健康、安全、社交、尊重及自我實現層面進行活動設計改善,應有助於提升高齡者對於健康成功老化的自我滿意度。

English Abstract

The study explores how elderly volunteers define their successful aging process and what is the most important motivation behind participating charity work. To give advice for people with medical background in community service and social work, we expect to reach the results of offering good care and what senior people's need for healthy to successful aging. Methods: The research discovered articles domestically and internationally by revealing the information and facts about aging theories, productive aging and volunteer activities. After completing the main questions that needs to be discussed, the researchers participated 2007 Christmas eve and interviewed with four senior volunteers to find out their opinions about how they thought on the subject. By referring to Maslow's Need-Hierarchy Theory, the interviews develop topic coding for causal relationship. Results: The initial findings of the study reveal that senior people who born in difficult times are more satisfied in their lives and have praised highly for the way their aging process. As for the people with higher self-satisfaction for life, they tend to be willingly to share life experiences they had been through. Those older people even think that a remarkable achievement has been fulfilled by their volunteering charity activities. Conclusion: The older generations of personal backgrounds are initially mentioned, which can be learned from life stories and events and think more carefully about older generation, children in need and young volunteers. It is also useful to improve the activity design on different levels such as health, secure, socialization, respect, and self-achievement level. It should be helpful to increase self-satisfaction for older generation to behave in a particular way toward aging process.

Topic Category 醫藥衛生 > 醫藥總論
醫藥衛生 > 醫院管理與醫事行政
Times Cited
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