Translated Titles

Discussion and Reflection on the Reform of the National Core Curriculum for Basic Education in Finland




于承平(Cheng-Ping Yu)

Key Words

核心課程 ; 基本教育 ; 現象為本學習 ; 研究為本師資培育 ; 社會資本 ; core curriculum ; basic education ; phenomenon-based learning ; research-based teacher education ; social capital



Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

11卷2期(2018 / 08 / 01)

Page #

1 - 25

Content Language


Chinese Abstract


English Abstract

Based on the viewpoint that real-world issues cannot be adequately studied with subject-based curriculum alone, the goal of national core curriculum is to encourage students to explore real-world phenomena. Its purpose is to use functional methods to expand students' life and world experience, to strengthen learning motivation, and make learning more meaningful. Through literature analysis and document analysis, this paper highlights the analysis of a number of issues focused on the contents and important changes of the National Core Curriculum for Basic Education in Finland, namely, phenomenon-based learning, and its' corresponding research-based teacher education. Four key success factors for the national core curriculum reform are offered: (a) Finnish educational goals are clear and carried out perseveringly, (b) Research-Based Teacher Education supports phenomenon-based learning, (c) Finnish special needs education supports the learning of low achievement students, and (d) Curriculum reform and teaching leadership build on social capital. It is suggested that in the development of curriculum reform and educational policies in Taiwan, one should consider the social and cultural contexts and local needs, as well as the above key success factors. In addition to what has been achieved already in Taiwan, hopefully this will help the development of innovative educational strategies and lead to higher internationally recognized status.

Topic Category 社會科學 > 教育學
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