Title

愛情關係中成人依附、衝突態度與衝突因應方式之相關研究

Translated Titles

The correlation of adult attachment, conflict attitude and conflict coping style in romantic relationship

DOI

10.6834/CSMU.2014.00126

Authors

林倩如

Key Words

愛情關係 ; 成人依附 ; 衝突態度 ; 衝突因應方式 ; romantic relationship ; adult attachment ; conflict attitude ; conflict coping style

PublicationName

中山醫學大學心理學系暨臨床心理學碩士班學位論文

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

2014年

Academic Degree Category

碩士

Advisor

王慶福

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

本研究旨在探討愛情關係中衝突態度在成人依附特質與衝突因應方式間的中介效果,研究假設個體在面對愛情關係中衝突時,由於個體依附風格以及對於衝突事件的認知態度的不同,進而可能影響其面對衝突事件的因應方式。研究樣本以紙本及網路問卷方式施測,共收集到772名有戀愛經驗的受試者資料,包含「成人依附特質量表(ECR)」、「衝突態度」及「衝突因應方式量表(ROCI-II)」。主要研究結果如下: 一、在衝突因應方式部份,男性比女性更傾向選擇整合、逃避、順應及妥協的方式,而女性則較傾向使用支配的因應方式。 二、逃避或焦慮的成人依附特質可預測個體對於衝突的負向觀點;而逃避與依附焦慮可個別預測不同的衝突因應方式;對於衝突的正負向觀點也可顯著預測不同的衝突因應方式。 三、衝突態度可做為成人依附及衝突因應方式之間的中介變項:依附逃避透過負向衝突態度影響支配衝突方式,但正向與負向衝突態度亦可影響依附逃避者增加使用整合式衝突因應方式的意願;依附焦慮則透過負向衝突態度可影響逃避及支配衝突因應方式。 四、成人依附特質、衝突態度及衝突因應方式對於戀愛關係的維持度、親密度及衝突處理滿意度都具有不同的預測力。 根據研究結果,研究者建議可在兩性教育、伴侶諮商或治療時多運用認知層面的改變技術,特別在依附逃避特質高者,藉由提升其對於衝突的正向觀點及降低負向看法,促使依附逃避者嘗試面對衝突情境;而依附焦慮者可針對其負向衝突態度進行討論修正,期能改變較不適當的衝突因應方式。

English Abstract

The aim of study was to examine the mediating effects of conflict attitude between adult attachment and conflict coping style. We hypothesized that the adult attachment and cognition factor(conflict attitude) toward romantic conflict would influence on conflict coping style. Participants were surveyed by paper and website questionnaire, totally 722 adult with romantic experience completed Experiences in close relationships (ECR), Conflict Attitude and the Rahim Organization Conflict Inventory-II (ROCI-II). The results are following: 1. In conflict coping style, male preferred to choose the Integrating, Avoiding, Compromising and Obliging style; female preferred to perform the Dominating style on romantic conflict. 2. Both the attachment avoidance and anxiety can predict the negative conflict attitude and conflict coping style. Positive or negative conflict attitude can significantly predict different conflict coping style. 3. The mediating effect of conflict attitude was shown between adult attachment and conflict coping style on romantic conflict: the attachment avoidance could be mediated by negative conflict attitude to impact on the conflict coping style. In other word, conflict attitude could affect the participants with high attachment avoidant to perform more strategies of the Integrating coping style, and negative conflict attitude could also affect the participants with high attachment anxiety to perform more strategies of the Avoiding and Obliging coping style. 4. In adult attachment, the conflict attitude and conflict coping style could predict the different extent to the duration of romantic relationship, degree of intimacy and level of satisfaction towards conflict management. As a result, according to our findings, we suggest that the cognitive change technique can be used in the intervention, such as gender education and couple therapy. Particularly for people with high attachment avoidant, enhancing the advantages and reducing the defects of romantic conflict would make participants to confront the conflict circumstance. In contrast, people with high attachment anxiety can mediate the inappropriate coping strategies by shifting and adjusting negative attitude toward romantic conflict.

Topic Category 醫藥衛生 > 醫藥總論
醫學科技學院 > 心理學系暨臨床心理學碩士班
社會科學 > 心理學
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Times Cited
  1. 賴思均(2016)。女同志人際依附與愛情關係攻擊之相關研究。淡江大學教育心理與諮商研究所碩士班學位論文。2016。1-162。