Title

工業級電磁屏蔽孔隙型吸音/隔熱複合材料之製程技術及其特性評估

Translated Titles

Fabrication and Properties Evaluation of Sound-absorption/Thermal-insulation Porous Electromagnetic Shielding Composite Boards

DOI

10.6341/fcu.M0312864

Authors

蔡承軒

Key Words

PET ; 吸音 ; 隔熱 ; 飛機機艙中隔音 ; PET ; nonwoven ; sound-absorption ; thermal-insulationn

PublicationName

逢甲大學航太與系統工程學系學位論文

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

2016年

Academic Degree Category

碩士

Advisor

黃振鴻

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

由於近年工、商業進步迅速,工廠大量增設各種機械設備,機械運轉時所造成噪音亦成為居家困擾之因素。在生活中,不僅是工廠噪音影響民生生活品質,小至便利超商的開門聲,大至交通、飛機等噪音困擾。本論文即針對噪音吸收之電磁屏蔽孔隙型吸音/隔熱複合材料之製程技術及其特性評估。 本研究擬使用中空三維捲曲PET纖維與低熔點PET纖維開織、混棉後,依照不同參數之比例,找出最佳參數並校正,經過混合梳理、纖維網成型、預針軋基布棉網,製成中空三維捲曲PET/低熔點PET,最後透過針軋疊層、熱壓複合後,測試吸音係數、回彈率、熱傳導、表面觀察、抗穿刺、拉伸、撕裂、電磁屏蔽等等製成多層吸音PET/LPET複合不織布之基布。再依照不同比例修正,加入玄武岩梭織物,增強其機械性能與吸音性能,找出最佳化參數後,加入導電高分子薄膜於上下兩層,增加抗電磁波干擾之係數,最後製成工業級電磁屏蔽孔隙型吸音/隔熱複合板材。 本實驗最佳參數為中空三維捲曲PET與低熔點PET混合比例為7:3,基布之基重350 g/m2,針軋針深為-0.5cm,最佳樣本參數為樹脂黏合導電高分子箔膜,複合於第二層反面以及第三層反面,皆具有極佳之吸音係數0.91,以平均數值比較,是以疊層複合於第二層為最佳化之吸音參數。 關鍵字:PET、吸音、隔熱、飛機機艙中隔音

English Abstract

The rapid growth of commercial and industrial sectors results in the factory equipping with a large number of machinery. The noises that caused by operation of machine not only become a factor of distress but also affect people's quality of life. The purpose of this research focuses on the fabrication and properties evaluation of sound-absorption/ thermal-insulation porous electromagnetic shielding composite boards. In this research, the three-dimensional crimp polyester fiber and low-melting fiber is used to fabricate the PET nonwoven fabric through opening, blending, carding, lapping, and needle-punching. The optimal parameters of mixed proportion are then carefully examined. Finally, the PET nonwoven fabric and basalt woven fabric (BW) are used to form the PET/BW nonwoven composites through multiple needle-punching techniques and thermal bonding process. The properties of sound absorption, rebound resilience, thermal conductivity, puncture resistance, tensile strength for the nonwoven composites are properly evaluated. The best parameter of this experiment proportion is 7:3. The weight of fiber is 350 g/ m2. The depth is -0.5 cm. The best sample is resin adhesive Conductive polymer foil. And combine the second opposite layer and third opposite layer. This sample with the best coefficient of sound-absorption is 0.91. Compare with this average value Keywords: PET , nonwoven , sound-absorption , thermal-insulation

Topic Category 工程與科學學院 > 航太與系統工程學系
工程學 > 交通運輸工程
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