Title

中學生「二段式大氣迷思概念診斷測驗」 的發展與應用

Translated Titles

Development and Application of a Two-Tier Diagnostic Instrument to Assess the Ninth and the Tenth Grade Students' Misconceptions of Atmosphere

DOI

10.6840/CYCU.2007.00190

Authors

陳彥任

Key Words

迷思概念 ; 二段式診斷測驗 ; 中學生 ; 大氣科學 ; misconception ; high school ; atmosphere ; two-tier diagnostic assessment

PublicationName

中原大學教育研究所學位論文

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

2007年

Academic Degree Category

碩士

Advisor

楊坤原

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

本研究旨在發展和效化中學生大氣科學概念之診斷測工具,並探討九、十年級學生在學習相關課程後,可能會出現的迷思概念類型與成因,本研究取得六所國中11個班級,四所高中9個班級為樣本,施測人數共有752人。為發展本診斷測驗,本研究先分析國內外大氣迷思概念之相關文獻,利用開放式問卷與晤談蒐集更多學生想法,再經預試後發展成「二段式大氣迷思概念診斷測驗」。為探討學生的迷思概念類型,在施測後仍須透過晤談來確定學生的想法。 「二段式大氣迷思概念診斷測驗」共有十九道試題,其平均難易度為0.59,平均鑑別度為0.56,內部一致性信度為0.71。由診斷測驗結果分析,十年級學生的理解能力優於九年級學生,並且在飽和結果、天氣與季風的差別、海陸風的原因、天灣天氣系統的作用與影響、氣壓的判斷、颱風,和台灣雨季等方面都具有明顯的迷思概念。探討造成學生迷思概念的概念來源,發現主要是學校教學和學生個人直覺造成,其中包含以下:1.學校教師的不當傳達、2.學生感覺經驗使然、3.學生缺乏大氣知識、4.不同情境差異影響、5.天氣讀圖素養不佳。 本研究所發展之診斷工具與研究結果可提供未來中學生大氣科學概念之診斷、教學與課程設計的參考。

English Abstract

The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a two-tier diagnostic asse- ssment for atmosphere and to explore the types and classification of atmospheric mis- conceptions of the 9th and the 10th grades after they had received instruction in atmospheric classrooms. This study consisted of 752 students from six junior high schools and four senior high schools in Taoyuan County of Taiwan. In order to develop the diagnostic assessment, it was necessary to gather and analyze the literatures about the misconceptions. In addition, open-ended interview was used to collect some students’ ideas. After pilot studying, the assessment instrument – Two-Tier Diagnostic Test for Atmosphere (TTDTA) was to developed. To identify the students’ misconceptions on atmosphere, some students were interviews after assessment. Of the 19 items designed to test for students’ conceptions of atmosphere. The average difficulty and average index of discrimination of the TTDTA were 0.59 and 0.56 respectively. The Cronbach alpha value for internal consistency was 0.71. Results showed that the understanding of the 10th grades is better than the 9th grades, misconceptions about the phenomena of saturation, weather and climate, divergence of land & sea breeze, the effect and influence of meteorological phenomena of Taiwan, typhoon, air pressure, rainy season in Taiwan. To explore sources of students’ misconceptions about atmosphere, survey shows factors of teaching in school and students’ intuition, cause these misconceptions including of 1. teachers impart some conceptions to students appropriately, 2. students’ experience with intuition, 3. students lack of knowledge about topics, 4. students' ideas for different contexts for learning science, 5. students lack of inscriptional practice. Findings of this study suggested that the TTDTA could be used as diagnostic asse- ssment for atmosphere and the identification of atmospheric misconceptions can be val- uable resources for diagnosis, instruction and curriculum development of atmosphere.

Topic Category 人文與教育學院 > 教育研究所
社會科學 > 教育學
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  2. 李明鴻(2009)。高中生氣體概念的發展。臺灣師範大學化學系學位論文。2009。1-169。
  3. 吳智凱(2009)。國中生對「水」概念理解的進展。臺灣師範大學化學系學位論文。2009。1-160。
  4. 柏昱丞(2014)。國中生「二段式光學迷思概念診斷測驗」發展與應用。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-103。