Risk Management in Transfer Stage of BOT Project- Based on Taipei Station Parcel 9 BOT Project
移轉階段 ； BOT ； 風險管理 ； Risks ； Transfer stage ； BOT
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BOT專案在各階段都會遇到不同的風險，興建期法規的突破，營運期的穩定性，而移轉階段的問題則比較少人提出研究，張世宏雖在民國88年對移轉階段的基本法制提出深入探討，但時間已算超過十年之久，許多法令的增補有繼續研究之空間，同時此研究在風險管理面的層面應有機會做更加深入的探討。 畢竟BOT在我國還是一個比較新的觀念，雖然已行之有年，但法制上還有繼續進步之空間，就移轉階段來說，現行BOT合約所規定的移轉是由合約到期的前一年開始，當BOT專案合約到期的前一年再開始著手處理移轉的風險及問題已為時太晚，利用專家訪談及文獻回顧來判定風險因子，本研究希望運用SWOT分析討論風險因子與時間的影響程度，並參考外國已解決之文獻以提出降低風險及解決問題之方法，並提供民間參與公司初步對各風險的應對方法，再與風險管理專家進行深入討論，運用外國已解決之方案是否符合我國現行法規及提出改進，以台北車站特定專用區交通九號用地BOT開發案為例，初步套用於我國現行BOT專案之合約，再與專家討論初步方案是否再加以修正。在本研究中將探討現行我國BOT移轉階段之合約及風險管理之問題，以期提出較完整的風險管理方法。 試圖繼續改進BOT專案之基本法制，以求在法制面上更健全之外，並期望提供民間參與公司在移轉階段能降低風險，即使風險發生時，也能順利應對。唯有民間機構做好充足準備與政府的在法制面上互全力相輔相成與審慎評估才是BOT專案成功之鑰。
Different risks are involved in the three stages of a BOT project. The key risk during the “build’ stage is to overcoming of the stereotyping of laws and regulations, and the maintenance of the sustainability during the operation stage. However, unfamiliarity during the transfer stage often causes risks in the transfer stage being outright neglected. Although sporadic literature did raise an in-depth discussion on this issue, the discussion might have lost its reliability due to the changes in laws and regulations over the years. After all, BOT is still a new concept in Taiwan. Although it has been around for years, laws and regulations on and around it still need to be further improved. One can take the transfer stage of a BOT for an elaboration. The governing rules states that in a BOT contract, the transfer of a project starts one year before the end of the contract. However, one year before the end of a contract is often too late for any analysis of risks involved and to implement appropriate reactions for problems that may occur. Therefore, this study hopes that this can be improved with a complete SWOT analysis, taking into account factors such as time constraints and public’s opinion on the company’s actions towards reducing the unnecessary risks. Case studies from abroad on the way which tackle these problems should also be collected and be taken into account; however these materials should only be used as a reference due to the differences in laws and environment. The involvement of public’s opinions and public organizations is one of the keys to a successful BOT project. For the involvement of these figures can help to reduce the risks involved, and even if any of the risks happened, the damage can be reduced to the minimum. Only when government laws and regulations coincide and cooperate well with public’s opinions, a BOT project can achieve its upmost return.
工程學 > 土木與建築工程
社會科學 > 管理學