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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 87 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Adams, A. S., Soumerai, S. B., & Ross-Degnan, D. (2001). Use of antihypertensive drugs by Medicare enrollees: does type of drug coverage matter? Health Affairs, 20(1), 276-286.
  2. Card, D. (1992). Do minimum wages reduce employment? A case study of California, 1987-89. Industrial and labor Relations Review, 46(1), 38-54.
  3. Card, D., & Krueger, A. B. (1994). Minimun Wages and employment: a case study of fast-food industry in New Jersey and Pennsylvania. The American Economic Review, 84(4), 772-793.
  4. Card, D., & Sullivan, D. (1988). Measuring the effect of subsidized training programs on movements in and out of employment. Econometrica, 56(3), 497-530.
  5. Chou, Y. J., Yip, W. C., Lee, C. H., Huang, N., Sun, Y. P., & Chang, H. J. (2003). Impact of separating drug prescribing and dispensing on provider behaviour: Taiwan's experience. Health Policy & Planning, 18(3), 316-329.
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃惠萍(2007)。全民健保新制部分負擔對民眾就醫層級選擇之影響。臺灣大學衛生政策與管理研究所學位論文。2007。1-98。 
  2. 侯佳雯(2005)。「糖尿病醫療服務改善方案」試辦計畫對第二型糖尿病人醫療資源利用之影響。臺灣大學醫療機構管理研究所學位論文。2005。1-121。 
  3. 梁師韻(2006)。美國最低稅負制與非現金捐贈行為。政治大學行政管理碩士學程學位論文。2006。1-62。
  4. 尹秀耕(2007)。臺灣與韓國健康保險制度之比較。臺灣大學醫療機構管理研究所學位論文。2007。1-200。
  5. 郭敏華(2007)。台灣垃圾強制分類政策的成效實證分析。政治大學財政研究所學位論文。2007。1-56。
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