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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 152 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 21.臺大內科醫生合著,張天鈞主編,內科學,橘井文化事業股份有限公司,2010年12月第6版。
  2. 3.陳苑文,論保險法於保證保險適用之疑義:以要保人故意行為與特約條款效為中心,國立臺灣大學法律學院法律學研究所碩士論文,2008年7月。
  3. 6.黃麗蓉,傷害保險與健康保險區別之探討─以意外傷害之認定、因果關係之判斷及舉證責任之分配為中心─,國立臺灣大學法學院法律學系碩士論文,2008年6月。
  4. 10.江朝國,論被保險人因犯罪處死或致死之免責條款--最高法院裁判及臺灣高等法院暨所屬法院座談會評釋,台灣本土法學雜誌第11期,2000年6月,頁65-79。
  5. 13.汪信君,「意外傷害」之定義與外來突發事故-最高法院一百年台上字第八八號民事判決,月旦裁判時報第9期,2011年6月,頁59-68。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳治霖(2014)。論保險契約中損害防阻義務於我國之規範模式─以工程財物損失險為中心。臺北大學法律學系一般生組學位論文。2014。1-170。
  2. 曾允君(2015)。保險事故之概念分析與定位構築-以醫療傷害為其示例-。臺北大學法律學系一般生組學位論文。2015。1-179。
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