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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 85 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳重禮,2005,〈憲政設計、政黨政治與權力分立:兼論美國分立政府的運作經驗〉,「從制度變遷看憲政改革:背景、程序與影響學術研討會會議論文」(9月24日),臺北:中央研究院政治學研究所。
  2. 林立,2015,〈探討Habermas的「審議」學說對「直接民主」之態度:一個透過卡爾.施密特「憲法學」之反省〉,《長庚人文社會學報》,8(1): 69 - 118。
  3. 林國明,2009,〈國家、公民社會與審議民主:多元的公民審議如何可能?〉,《臺灣社會學》,17 : 161 - 217。
  4. 林國明,2013,〈多元的公民審議如何可能?—程序主義與公民社會觀點〉,《臺灣民主季刊》,10(4): 137 - 183。
  5. 郭秋永,2012,〈社會正義、差異政治、以及溝通民主〉,《人文及社會科學集刊》,24(4): 529 - 574。
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