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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 89 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李育茹(2014).台灣臨床護理人員執業環境與職業壓力、離職意圖之探討(未發表的碩士論文).台灣大學護理學研究所,台北市。
  2. 李宜芳(2016).女性護理人員職場疲勞探討(未發表的碩士論文).長榮大學護理學研究所,台南市。
  3. 李靜怡(2011).輪班護理人員壓力失眠易感性、晨昏約日型態與睡眠品質之相關性研究(未發表的碩士論文).臺灣大學護理學研究所,台北市。
  4. 林怡芳(2015).護理人員性功能、睡眠及生活品質關係性之研究.台灣大學醫學院護理學系研究所,台北市。
  5. 林美吟(2008).護理人員輪班工作對女性性功能之影響-以中部兩家地區教學醫院為例(未發表的碩士論文).臺北醫學大學公共衛生學系暨研究所,台北市。
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