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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 70 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王思翰(2007)《台灣運輸製造業群聚版圖變遷分析》。國立政治大學地政研究所士論文。
  2. 沈玉芳、張超(2002)〈加入WTO後我國地區產業調控機製和模式的轉型研究─
  3. 林靜儀(2004)〈台灣地區製造業市場集中度、廣告聚集程度與利潤率關係之探討〉,《台灣管理學刊》,第4卷,第2期,頁203-224。
  4. 袁孝勳(2006)《後發優勢與趕超的競爭態勢演化─從日、韓經驗看兩岸汽車產業自主研發的發展機會》。元智大學管理研究所碩士論文。
  5. 陳永哲(2010)《臺灣製造業之品牌與績效 : 2006年普查資料之實證》。淡江大學產業經濟學系碩士論文。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林利真(2017)。產業聚集與生產力之關係:以臺灣知識密集型服務產業為例。臺灣大學經濟學研究所學位論文。2017。1-44。 
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