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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 67 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王鈺婷,2008,《藍綠版圖之空間分佈與變遷:第三屆至第七屆立委選舉結果之探討》,臺北市:國立臺灣大學國家發展研究所碩士論文。
  2. 余安邦、楊國樞,1987,〈社會取向成就動機與個我取向成就動機〉,《中央研究院民族學術研究所集刊》,第64期:51-98。
  3. 李美珍、林筱增、李昭憲,2010,〈員工離職意圖相關因素之探討-以P公司為例〉,《美和技術學院學報》,第29卷第1期:163-179。
  4. 李永聖,2002,《南區國稅局稽徵人員對激勵制度之知覺及其與工作滿足、離職傾向關係之研究》,台南市:成功大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  5. 呂旻旂,2010,《中國大陸人口老化之空間分析》,臺北市:國立臺灣大學國家發展研究所碩士論文。
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