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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 47 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院衛生署國民健康局﹙2008﹚.97年癌症登記報告.2011年10月20日取自
  2. 王宏銘、廖俊達、范綱行、吳樹鏗、詹勝傑、閣紫宸﹙2009﹚•頭頸部鱗狀細胞癌治療的新進展•腫瘤護理雜誌,9﹙S﹚,51-67。
  3. 賴裕和 ﹙2009﹚•門診接受化學治療病人之症狀困擾及居家護理需求探討•護理研究,6﹙4﹚,279-289。
  4. Adelstein, D. J., Li, Y., Adams, G. L., Wagner, H., Jr., Kish, J. A., Ensley, J. F., et al. (2003). An intergroup phase III comparison of standard radiation therapy and two schedules of concurrent chemoradiotherapy in patients with unresectable squamous cell head and neck cancer. Journal of Clinical Oncoogyl, 21(1), 92-98.
  5. Al-Othman, M. O. F., Amdur, R. J., Morris, C. G., Hinerman, R. W., & Mendenhall, W. M. (2003). Does feeding tube placement predict for long-term swallowing disability after radiotherapy for head and neck cancer? Head & Neck, 25(9), 741-747.
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