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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 58 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李光中 2002 自然保護區永續發展與居民參與,全球變遷通訊雜誌,33:13,台北:台灣大學全球環境變遷中心。
  2. 蕭新煌,張笠雲 1982 對國內社會學經驗研究的初步反省,收錄於瞿海源,蕭新煌(編),社會學理論與方法,台北:中央研究院民族學研究所
  3. Anthony, R. N., 1964. Basic framework for planning and control – framework for analysis. Management Services. 1964:Mar.-Apr.
  4. Bryson, J.M., 1995. Strategic Planning for Public and Nonprofit Organizations, Revised Edition. CA: Jossey-Bass
  5. Dalkey, N.C., 1969. The Delphi Method:an experimental study of group opinion, Santa Monica, CA:Rand
Times Cited (10) 〈TOP〉
  1. 趙建勛(2006)。工業安全指標-SIL系統安全等級應用之研究。臺北科技大學機電整合研究所學位論文。2006。1-118。 
  2. 陳琳(2015)。煉金術—金門戰地襲產的觀光治理。臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所學位論文。2015。1-150。 
  3. 徐旭誠(2012)。保護區的跨界利益:臺灣設立國家公園的政治生態學與權益關係人分析。臺灣大學地理環境資源學研究所學位論文。2012。1-156。 
  4. 廖宜雰(2010)。以生態旅遊為部落營造策略之機會與挑戰—以墾丁國家公園社頂部落為例。臺灣大學地理環境資源學研究所學位論文。2010。1-118。 
  5. 柯明宏(2008)。籌設中國家公園之權益關係人分析研究-綠島之個案。臺灣大學地理環境資源學研究所學位論文。2008。1-106。 
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