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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 138 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 文崇一、章英華、張苙雲和朱瑞玲(1989)〈家庭結構及其相關變項分析:台北市的例子〉,伊慶春、朱瑞玲編《臺灣社會現象的分析:家庭、人口、政策與階層》(頁1-24),臺北:中央研究院三民主義研究所。
  2. 王文誠(2011)〈反身性的社區營造:實踐性的地理學想像〉,《都市與計劃》38(1):1-29。
  3. 王志弘(2015)〈領域化與網絡化的多重張力:「地方」概念的理論性探討〉,《城市與設計學報》23:71-100。
  4. 何明修(2003)〈自主與依賴:比較反核四運動與反美濃水庫運動中的政治交換模式〉,《臺灣社會學刊》30:1-49。
  5. 周渝珊(2014)《回農者返鄉發展之敘說探究》,雲林縣:國立虎尾科技大學經營管理研究所碩士論文。
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