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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 127 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Weber, Max,于曉等譯,2001,《新教倫理與資本主義精神》,台北:左岸。譯自 “The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism” In Religion und Gesellschaft : Gesammelte Aufsätze zur Religionssoziologie, 1920
  2. 王維芳,2001,《半總統制下的政治穩定:蒙古與中華民國的比較》,台北:蒙藏委員會。
  3. 王維芳,2009,〈第三波民主化後的蒙古政治體制設計〉,《政大民族學報》,28:33-72。
  4. 朱雲漢,2004,〈臺灣民主發展的困境與挑戰〉,《臺灣民主季刊》,1(1):143-162。
  5. 吳親恩,2009,〈經濟議題與民主體制評價-東亞國家的觀察〉,《臺灣民主季刊》,6(1):1-39。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃佳婷(2017)。當代台灣青年的政治參與:從批判性公民的角度分析。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2017。1-104。 
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