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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 78 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 6.台灣經濟研究院,(1999),「台灣經濟研究月刊」,第二十二卷第七期,頁46
  2. 7.台灣經濟研究院,(2004),「台灣經濟研究院資料庫」,台灣經濟研究院
  3. 10.李明軒、邱如美(譯) Porter, M. E. 著,(1990),「國家競爭優勢The Competitive Advantage of Nations」,天下文化
  4. 11.林建元,(1992),「工業區開發整體規劃之研究」,國立台灣大學建築與城鄉研究所
  5. 12.林博文、陳怡之、洪慈霙,(2003),「策略聯盟傾向、技術研發與企業無形資產之蓄積」,台灣管理學刊,第三卷第一期,頁59-74
Times Cited (11) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳怡錡(2009)。中小企業產業群聚網站之評估模式研究。臺北科技大學商業自動化與管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-153。 
  2. 柳文惠(2013)。戰後台灣自行車產業發展的政治經濟分析,1950-2013。國立臺灣大學政治學系學位論文。2013。1-130。 
  3. 吳惠玲(2011)。廠商規模、行為與績效之研究—以成立A-TEAM後的自行車產業為例。國立臺灣大學農業經濟學系學位論文。2011。1-90。 
  4. 張靖志(2007)。運用探針車與空間分析方法於市區道路服務水準評估之研究 -以桃園縣蘆竹鄉中正路至南崁路路段為例。國立臺灣大學地理環境資源學系學位論文。2007。1-120。 
  5. 陳青華(2006)。桃園印刷電路板(PCB)產業群聚研究。臺灣師範大學地理學系學位論文。2006。1-106。
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