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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 115 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 任玉智. (2008). 精神分裂病人主要照顧者之烙印經驗及其因應行為. 美和技術學院, 屏東縣.
  2. 行政院勞工委員會職業訓練局. (2007). 中華民國96年身心障礙者勞動狀況調查(不含植物人). from
  3. 行政院衛生署. (2010). 精神衛生行政工作執行成果表.
  4. 余漢儀. (2001). 精障病友家屬團體與專業之權力互動—兼論社工之介入策略. 台大社會工作學刊, 5, 1-51.
  5. 宋麗玉. (1999). 精神病患照顧者之探究:照顧負荷之程度與其相關因素. 中華心理衛生學刊, 12(1), 1-30.
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 湯茹雲(2018)。充權團體工作應用於精神科日間病房之成效評估。臺灣大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2018。1-136。 
  2. 曾淑玲(2012)。一位成年前期女兒經驗母親罹患精神分裂症之角色歷程。臺灣大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2012。1-106。 
  3. 莊登閔(Deng-Min Chuang);宋麗玉(Li-Yu Song)(2013)。臺灣愛滋感染者權能增強影響因素之研究。臺大社會工作學刊。(28)。47-91。 
  4. 莊登閔(2011)。愛滋感染者權能增強影響因素之研究。政治大學社會工作研究所學位論文。2011。1-141。
  5. 王思淳(2012)。發展遲緩兒童家長的社會支持、充權與生活品質之相關研究:以臺北市及新北市接受早期療育服務之家長為例。臺灣師範大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2012。1-161。
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