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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 73 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江季蓁、駱麗華(2002)•新診斷白血病兒童住院期間主要照顧者之生活品質•護理雜誌,49(2),42-50。
  2. 李萱、李秀花、陳清惠(2005)•一位接受週邊置入中心靜脈導管急性淋巴性白血病患者的護理經驗•護理雜誌,52(2),78-86。
  3. 李英芬、蔡麗雲、劉景萍(2005)•癌末病人之疲倦及其相關因素•安寧療護,10(3),258-271。
  4. 周繡玲、廖珍娟、姚鍾太(2007)•癌症病人的失眠困擾•腫瘤護理雜誌,7(2),25-35。
  5. 周繍玲、顧乃平、劉雪娥、白璐(1997)•成人急性白血病病患生活品質及其相關因素之探討•護理研究,5(2),182-194。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 韓幼軒(2014)。婦癌病人睡眠障礙及相關因素探討。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2014。1-67。 
  2. 許晏寧(2012)。早期肺癌術後患者睡眠品質與相關因素探討。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2012。1-74。 
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