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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 105 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 4. 曾宛如(2008)。《證券交易法原理》,五版。元照出版。
  2. 10. 張益輔、林振東、江璧岑(2009)。〈內線交易案件有關重大消息成立時點之探討(上)〉,《證交資料》,第561期,頁43-55。
  3. 16. 曾宛如(2009)。〈建構我國內線交易之規範-從禁止內線交易所欲保護之法益切入〉,《台大法學論叢》,第38卷1期,頁268。
  4. 23. 劉連煜,〈內部人「獲悉」或「實際知悉」內線消息之認定-評最高法院九十九年台上字第一五三號刑事判決〉,《月旦裁判時報》,第3期,頁87。
  5. 1. 何建寬(2009)。《內線交易理論與實務之研究》,國立台灣大學法律碩士論文。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何松穎(2016)。論內線交易責任規範之再建構—以引進行政制裁為核心。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2016。1-193。 
  2. 陳俊翔(2016)。論內線交易之構成要件-以實務判決研析為中心。中正大學法律學系學位論文。2016。1-182。
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