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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 65 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王宏恩,2015,〈政黨標籤的規模效應—以2014年的村里長選舉為例〉,《選舉研究》,22(1): 109-141。
  2. 余舜德、周耿生,2004,〈台灣夜市市場系統的發展:以台北都會及台南縣為例〉,《民族學研究所資料彙編》,18:1-42。
  3. 余舜德、黃應貴,1999,〈夜市研究與台灣社會〉,《人類學在台灣的發展:經驗研究篇》,臺北:中研院民族研究所。
  4. 李允傑、丘昌泰,2013,《政策執行與評估》,臺北:元照出版有限公司。
  5. 許婉貞、許朝凱、鄭維智、馮潤蘭、蔡淑貞,2011,〈九十九年餐飲衛生評鑑成果〉,《食品藥物研究年報》,2:72-76。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳育寧(2016)。結合社會科學與食品科學方法擬定散裝豆乾食品安全預防策略。臺灣大學食品科技研究所學位論文。2016。1-76。 
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